Brainstorming Definition

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Brainstorming is a extensively supplied technique to stimulate imagination in trouble resolving. In a structured session, people (usually in a group) generate as many creative concepts as feasible. Social psychologists have actually greatly stupassed away whether it is more effective to brainstorm in a team or alone, and also have actually concerned the counterintuitive conclusion that brainstorming frequently is better done alone.

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Underlying the brainstorming procedure are two fundamental principles. First, civilization are motivated to come up via as many type of principles as feasible, because the more concepts, the more likely it is that great concepts are among them (“amount breeds quality”). 2nd, although ultimately the high quality of ideas should be evaluated, concept generation and also testimonial are strictly separated (“deferment of judgment”), because fear of negative testimonial interferes with people’s creativity. Tbelow is proof for both principles: Quantity and also high quality of ideas are positively related, and fear of evaluation is bad for concept top quality.


Brainstorming is normally done in groups, and a lot research has studied the effectiveness of team brain-storming. These studies have actually repetitively revealed that world generate even more concepts and much better concepts as soon as they brainstorm individually as compared to when they brainstorm in a team. In these researches, the variety of ideas generated by a group is compared to the number of ideas of the same variety of world who brainstorm individually. Counting duplicate principles (concepts generated by even more than one person) only once, outcomes present that N people generate even more concepts than an N-perkid team. The difference is fairly large and rises with group dimension.

One major aspect that reasons the so-dubbed performance loss of teams is manufacturing blocking: Group members have to wait for their turns to expush principles, because only one perchild can sheight at any type of given time. Therefore, team members block each other’s contributions, which hampers their principle generation.

At the very same time, world mainly think that their creativity is magnified in a team and feel that overhearing others’ principles is stimulating. And in fact, this likewise is true: There is proof that listening to others generating ideas helps one’s very own idea generation. However, manufacturing blocking completely overrides these positive effects in normal brainstorming sessions. If concepts are not articulated aloud yet are shared on pieces of paper (brainwriting) or with computer systems (digital brainstorming), production blocking can be removed. Undoubtedly, groups have the right to be more fertile than individuals as soon as concepts are exadjusted on written notes or through computer systems, quite than articulated aloud.

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References:

Paulus, P. B., Dugosh, K. L., Dzindolet, M. T., Coskun, H., & Putman, V. L. (2002). Social and also cognitive influences in team brainstorming: Predicting manufacturing gains and losses. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social lutz-heilmann.info (Vol. 12, pp. 299-325). Chichester, UK: Wiley.Stroebe, W., & Diehl, M. (1994). Why teams are less efficient than their members: On productivity losses in idea-generating groups. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European testimonial of social lutz-heilmann.info (Vol. 5, pp. 271-303). Chichester, UK: Wiley.