Adrienne Kruzer, BS, RVT, LVT, has actually worked through a selection of pets for over 15 years, consisting of birds of prey, reptiles, and tiny mammals.
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Guinea pigs should constantly be eating and defecating. If you view your guinea pig hasn"t touched its food and you are seeing fewer and also smaller sdevices being passed, your guinea pig may have actually ileus. Ileus is caused once gas builds up in the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines). Due to the absence of normal peristalsis and no food coming right into the digestive system, gas is unable to leave the body. This reasons discomfort and deserve to actually be life-threatening. Your guinea pig must obtain instant clinical attention if you suspect ileus, so it have the right to gain a diagnosis and be prescribed the correct drugs.
Ileus have the right to be led to secondarily by an underlying illness or stressor which, in turn, causes your guinea pig to speak eating. Things as basic as moving the cage or introducing a new guinea pig, or an top respiratory infection or ectoparasites like lice deserve to anxiety your guinea pig out sufficient so that it doesn"t eat and establishes ileus. Monitor food intake and be conscious of just how any kind of transforms may have affected your pet.
If your guinea pig has actually hair loss and also is itching or scratching a lot, it may have lice or mites. The thought of having actually these points in your house—a lot much less on the guinea pig—might make you itch anywhere. Lice or mites have the right to be simple to stop and treat. Lice, sarcoptic mange mites (scabies), and Demodex mange mites (Demodex) are problems that have the right to all cause itching and hair loss. Lice and also their eggs are commonly watched in the bald patches behind your guinea pig"s ears and also the mites can be viewed microscopically all over the body. Soptimal with your veterinarian if you suspect any kind of of these parasites to determine the finest course of action.
Guinea pigs deserve to offer these parasites to each various other and also can also get them from food and bedding. Be conscious prior to presenting any type of brand-new guinea pigs if they seem to have actually any kind of skin problems. Before introducing food or bedding right into the cage, make a habit of freezing it for a day. The extreme cold temperatures will certainly kill off any type of potential parasites that may have been lurking in the packages.
Uterine and also Ovarian Diseases
Spaying your female guinea pig is absolutely recommfinished. If she is living with a male, this will certainly encertain population manage and proccasion multiple litters of guinea pigs. Besides staying clear of babies, females often construct uterine and also ovarianworries, including assorted cancers, and having actually your female spayed have the right to proccasion these worries. Sometimes the uterus and also ovaries have the right to be removed even after the difficulty has been uncovered however various other times cancer has currently spread to other components of the body, rendering it untreatable. A completeovariohysterectomy can be performed by your exotics vet on your guinea pig to prevent uterine and also ovarian illness, just as it would certainly in a dog or cat. This have the right to be done after the guinea pig is 6 months old. While some guinea pig owners are not able to justify the cost of the procedure, others view the good benefit to having their guinea pigs much longer and not having actually to pay for emergency therapy as soon as they alert their pig is sick.
Guinea pigs are sensitive to cold air drafts and also have the right to easily construct an top respiratory infection—or worse, pneumonia. They can also acquire Bordetella bronchiseptica from your dog, cat, or pet rablittle. Take notification of your guinea pig"s cage place and also be sure to store them away from drafts, open up doors, and open up windows. This basic act will certainly help decrease the likelihood of them gaining a respiratory infection. Wash your hands after dealing with other pets, including guinea pigs at pet stores, your dog or cat if they are coughing or sneezing, and even your rablittle bit. If you or your household are feeling ill, it"s ideal to store your germs to yourself.
More generally described as bladder stones, uroliths regularly create in the bladder of pet guinea pigs. They cause pain and also discomfort in your pet and also you might also alert that their urine is regularly bloody as a result of the irritation the stone reasons. If you notification inconstant uricountry or bloody urine, contact your veterinarian right away and also they will carry out some tests to recognize the cause. Bladder stones are regularly found on radiographs being taken for a diagnosis of ileus and also need to be surgically removed.
Guinea pig ailments can be difficult to diagnose. The ideal way to save your guinea pig healthy is to store a close watch on your pet. Make certain it is eating and also defecating, wash your hands before and also after handling, freeze your pet"s bedding and food prior to usage, and also keep it away from drafts. These actions will certainly help you prevent the bulk of the many frequently seen illness, though there are of course plenty of other diseases that influence guinea pigs. To preeminence out anything else or to look for inner problems, an annual physical examicountry through your exotics vet is always recommfinished.
If you suspect your pet is sick, contact your vet automatically. For health-connected questions, constantly consult your veterinarian, as they have actually examined your pet, know the pet"s health background, and deserve to make the ideal referrals for your pet.
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