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What is protein synthesis? Understand also the function of RNA in this procedure. What is different between RNA and also DNA (including the difference in nucleotide bases?
Protein synthesis entails utilizing the instructions brought by a gene to build a particular protein.The structure of the protein is the outcome of amino acid sequenceWhen a gene is replicated, the copy is made of RNA not DNARNA has actually a ribose sugar instead of deoxyriboseRNA has the nitrogenous base Uracil (U) in location of Thymine (T)RNA is single stranded not double stranded favor DNA When a cell needs a particular protein, a stand of RNA is developed making use of DNA as a guide or theme The RNA then serves as a blueprint that tells the cell which amino acids to join together to develop a protein.DNA--> RNA--> Protein
What are the 2 measures of protein synthesis disputed in the text? Be able to specify transcription and translation. What duty does RNA polymerase play?
1. Transcription: requires producing the copy of the required gene (RNA nucleotides substitute for DNA nucleotides)•Occurs in the nucleus•An RNA polymerase enzyme binds to the promoter (beginning of gene) and renders a mRNA (messenger RNA) complementary to the DNA gene by unzipping the DNA double helix and also tieing RNA nucleotides that are complementary to the DNA strand also. 2. Translation: requires decoding the copied RNA sequence and also producing the protein for which it codes.•Occurs in the cytoplasm•mRNA carries the code from the DNA•Amino acids are assembcaused synthesize proteins at ribosomes
CODON. Segments of 3. Start codon: AUG. methionine. Anticodon: complementary sequence of a codon. (aug=uac). carries the code from the DNA. Scientists have figured out the genetic code and also made a chart that tells what amino acid is coded for by what codon. Eincredibly 3 bases is a codon and also it is a protein
Mutation: Change to a DNA sequence that may lead to the production of altered proteinsNeutral mutation: codes for the very same point, same amino acid. ex: aau gets switched to aac. not a bad thing.Frametransition mutation: It shifts the reading frame. Everything transforms. 99% have actually no result or detrimental. this is negative.
What is gene therapy? What is the distinction between germ-line gene therapy and somatic cell gene therapy?
A stem cell is one that can divide right into different types of specialized cells (skin, bone and so on.).There is an problem about stem cell study bereason these cells are found in at an early stage stage embryos (babies).
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