a. took obligation for recreating the spiritual life of his kingdom simply as he reformed its federal government.

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b. was mindful to observe the distinctions between religious and also political authority establimelted by Saint Augustine of Hippo.

c. placed the Frankish church under the control of the pope, while he ruled the kingdom politically.

d. became a monk at the end of his life, hence ensuring his own salvation.

e. establiburned his empire as a theocratic state ruled by the legislations collection forth in the Scriptures.

took responsibility for redeveloping the spiritual life of his kingdom just as he recreated its government


Why did Justinian try to reovercome the western Roman Empire?

a. The Persians had actually been defeated in the East, so he might safely launch military explorations to the West.

b. He believed that he have to be the head of a combined Christian church.

c. He needed to store his army as much amethod from his capital as feasible.

d. He smust revive and rebuild wholly the old empire.

e. His empire required proceeding conquests in order to prosper.

because he sshould revive and rebuild wholly the old empire


A pandemic broke out in 541–42 which has actually come to be known as:

a. the sickness of the East.

b. the scourge of the Goths.

c. Belisarius’s gift.

d. God’s Revenge.

e. the Justinianic Plague.

the Justinianic Plague.


The Carolingian Realm collapsed during the 9th century:

a. because of the division of the empire among all the legitimate heirs of Louis and the Frankish aristocracy’s dissatisfactivity via the fractured central authority.

b. the decline of the moral habits of Charlemagne’s heirs.

c. Islamic penetration of its southerly frontier.

d. bereason the Byzantines invaded to punish Charlemagne for accepting the title of emperor.

e. Russian pressure in the eastern pushing various other tribes toward Italy.

bereason of the division of the empire among all the legitimate heirs of Louis and also the Frankish aristocracy"s dissatisfaction through the fractured central authority.


One outcome of the campaigns of Belisarius in North Africa and Italy was:

a. the alliance of the Vandals and also the Visigoths versus the Romans.

b. his effective seizure of power ago in Constantinople.

c. the weakening of Constantinople versus the Sassanids.

d. the near extinction of the Christian belief in the West.

e. the advancement of a affluent and effective Italy.

the weakening of Constantinople against the Sassanids.


The stability of Byzantine federal government was the product of:

a. an efficient administration.

b. the role of the abbeys in Oriental national politics.

c. a predictable mechanism of succession to the royal throne.

d. unregulated wages and also prices.

e. a extremely central palace federal government.

an efficient bureaucracy.


In the late 6th century C.E., the economic climate of Arabia:

a. was practically missing as a result of Arabia’s dominance by the Oriental Empire.

b. was still almost entirely made up of nomadic Bedouins.

c. was based upon the manufacturing of figs, wool, and also goats at desert oases.

d. remained in a state of crisis brought on by the intrusion of Huns.

e. ended up being a lot more commercially advanced as a result of the battles in between Byzantium and also Persia transforming profession courses.

became much even more commercially innovative as an outcome of the battles between Byzantium and Persia changing trade paths.


It is hard to day the start of Byzantine background via precision because:

a. Greek was the just language ever before provided by Romale majesties in Constantinople.

b. Justinian withstood brand-new creates of assumed and art throughout his life.

c. it started in the time of the so-referred to as Dark Ages throughout which very few documents were preserved.

d. Constantine never before administered the Roguy Empire from Constantinople.

e. the Byzantine Realm was the uninterrupted successor of the Romale Empire.

the Oriental Realm was the uninterrupted successor of the Roman Empire.


Underlying the Carolingian Renaissance was the fundamental conviction that:

a. original Latin poetry and epic literary works were the greatest develop of art.

b. to be much better Christians, everyone must pray and devote their stays to the Church.

c. the Bible can be best appreciated if it were analyzed right into robust French and Gerguy idioms.

d. appropriate Christian doctrine should be commonly disseminated and also heretical beliefs must be strictly punished.

e. classical learning was the structure on which Christian wisdom rested.

timeless discovering was the structure on which Christian wisdom rested.


Pope Gregory I:

a. denied the use of penance.

b. fully accepted the religious authority of the patriarch of Constantinople.

c. did not care at all for monasteries or how they were operated.

d. failed to protect the papacy against the Lombards.

e. substantially progressed Benedictine monasticism as the major monastic movement in the West.

considerably advanced Benedictine monasticism as the major monastic motion in the West.


Many type of of the neighborhood populaces in Byzantium and also Persia:

a. perceived the Arab militaries as deliverers.

b. chose to commit suicide fairly than accept Arab rule.

c. were immediately compelled to convert to Islam when they fell right into Arab hands. d. were even more heavily taxed by the Arabs than previously.

e. converted Arab soldiers to either Christianity or Zoroastrianism.

regarded the Arab armies as deliverers.


The early on Byzantine religious beliefs was well-known for its:

a. intense interest in matters of doctrine and also orthodoxy.

b. rejection of the emperor as the leader of the Church.

c. doctrinal merging of aspects from Christianity and Islam.

d. beauticompletely decorated churches.

e. capacity to enpressure spiritual doctrine throughout the eastern empire.

intense interest in matters of doctrine and orthodoxy.


The Oriental economic situation in the beforehand Middle Ages was:

a. subject to wild fluctuations because of money debasement.

b. depressed due to being cut off from profession through north Europe.

c. industrially underemerged.

d. renowned for its usage of paper money.

e. very regulated, consisting of wage and price controls.

very regulated, consisting of wage and price controls.


Why were so many type of convents (monastic homes for women) started in the time of the seventh century C.E.?

a. Convents met a selection of social and also spiroutine demands for aristocratic family members. b. Lower-course women flocked to convents as an improvement on the drudgery of their lives.

c. Nuns were the only women allowed to come to be priests.

d. Convents were a way for the families that founded them to make money.

e. every one of these.

Convents met a selection of social and spiritual demands for aristocratic family members.


In 800 Charlemagne:

a. executed Alcuin of York for tfactor.

b. establiburned his the majority of famed monastery in Paris.

c. accepted the crown and title of Divine Romale emperor.

d. died without an heir.

e. got into Byzantium.

embraced the crvery own and also title of Divine Romale emperor.


An important figure that founded a number of Merovingian abbeys was:

a. Clovis.

b. Aethelbert.

c. Columbanus.

d. Gregory of Scotland also.

e. Pepin.



Why did the Romans of Italy and also North Africa resent out Justinian’s initiatives to "liberate" them?

a. Tright here was a hefty price in taxes and also resides.

b. They sshould be their very own Roman empire independent of the eastern Roman Realm.

c. They had actually currently created autonomous republics.

d. The ascendancy of the Ostrogoths was even more liberal and also tolerant than Byzantium.

e. They had actually currently left the Christian faith and were content without it.

There was a heavy cost in taxes and resides.


The armies of Abu-Bakr were able to expand Islam northward out of Arabia mostly because of:

a. the assistance Jewish areas gave to Arab militaries during sieges of cities.

b. the remarkable rate of camels over steeds in battle.

c. much better steel weapons.

d. the alliance of Persian pressures versus Byzantium.

e. the weakness of Oriental and also Persian armies bereason of their wars versus each various other.

the weakness of Oriental and Persian armies because of their battles against each various other.


Charlemagne was able to contain Umayyad power in Europe by:

a. actively sustaining the eastern empire in Constantinople.

b. drawing upon Scandinavian militaries to aid protect his frontiers.

c. keeping diplomatic and also trade relationships via its rival the Abbasid Caliphate.

d. sustaining a variety of rebellions by North Africans against Islam.

e. converting to Islam himself.

preserving diplomatic and trade connections via its rival the Abbasid Caliphate.


One difference between Islam and also Christianity is that:

a. Christianity witnessed Islam as a reform version of itself.

b. Christians did not discriminate against Jews and Islam did.

c. Islam did not accept the teachings of any of the Jewish or Christian prophets.

d. Islam accepted symbols even more enthusiastically than Christianity did.

e. Islam has no sacraments or clergymans.

Islam has no sacraments or priests.


Local lords and chieftains often granted monasteries unique privileges:

a. to strengthen them against the evangelism of Islam.

b. because abbeys regularly played an essential function in economic development and prosperity in a region.

c. to foster the medical study monasteries performed to uncover cures for the torment.

d. in order to obtain God’s favor against invading Eastern hordes.

e. considering that wealth was thought about a cardinal sin.

bereason abbeys regularly played a crucial role in economic advancement and also prosperity in an area.


The people who took benefit of the weakness of Italy because of Justinian’s plans of reoccupation were the:

a. Ostrogoths.

b. Lombards.

c. Sassinids.

d. Franks.

e. Vandals.



As a result of the Iconoclastic Controversy:

a. political legitimacy was basically linked to the defense of spiritual legacy.

b. the Eastern Church broke right into two distinct sects.

c. all artwork-related and also imperiods in the Eastern Church were banned from within churches.

d. eastern Emperors were required to be totally neutral once it came to spiritual matters.

e. the leaders of Christianity in the West ended up being the dominant factivity in the Eastern Church.

political legitimacy was basically linked to the defense of religious legacy.


Oriental abbeys were deeply connected in the Iconoclastic Controversy because:

a. they were significant producers of icons, so they supported the use of imperiods in the belief.

b. they believed symbols distracted world from concentrating on God.

c. they faithtotally sustained Leo III.

d. they resented the revenues the secular industries made from developing the symbols.

e. they taught that the usage of symbols was a kind of babsence magic.

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they were major producers of symbols, so they sustained the use of imeras in the belief.


Prior to Muhammad beginning to teach his prophecy and his brand-new confidence the Arabs: