Conclusion: The Consequences of the British Parliamentary Acts

A series of Parliamentary Acts from 1763–1774 contributed to increasing early american unremainder, finishing in the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.

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Learning Objectives

Summarize the result the Parliamentary Acts had actually on the starts of the Revolutionary War


Key Takeaways

Key PointsAn raising tide of unremainder increased in the British Amerihave the right to nests from 1763–1774 as the British government applied a series of royal recreate measures.The British hoped not only to gain higher control over early american trade and frontier negotiation, yet also to alleviate the administrative price of the swarms and also the enormous debt left by the French and also Indian War.The British Parliament passed numerous revenue-elevating acts that boosted taxes in the colonies, including the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, and also the Tea Act.Colonists resented the boosted taxes and felt they were not being stood for fairly in British government; they arranged protests in the develop of boycotts, teams prefer the Sons of Liberty, and also the famed Boston Tea Party.Britain responded to colonial protest by enforcing punitive actions, and tensions increased till fighting damaged out in the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April of 1775, marking the beginning of the Revolutionary War.Key TermsEast India Company: An English, and also later on British, joint-stock agency which traded greatly through the Indian subcontinent and also Qing, China.Boston Massacre: An occurrence on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers eliminated 5 male civilians and injured 6 others.Sons of Liberty: An company of Amerihave the right to homesteaders that was developed in the 13 American nests to safeguard the legal rights of the colonists and also fight tax by the British government.

An enhancing tide of unrest climbed in the British Amerihave the right to colonies from 1763–1774 as the British federal government implemented a collection of imperial recreate steps. The British hoped not only to obtain higher control over early american trade and frontier settlement, however likewise to minimize the bureaucratic cost of the nests and also the massive debt left by the French and also Indian War. Each step the British took, yet, generated a backlash. Over time, royal recreates puburned many homesteaders toward separation from the British Realm.

Confronting the National Debt: The Aftermath of the French and also Indian War

The British Empire had got supremacy in North America via its victory over the French in 1763. Almost every one of the North Amerihave the right to territory east of the Mississippi fell under Great Britain’s regulate, and British leaders took this opportunity to attempt to produce a more coherent and combined empire after years of lax oversight. Success over the French had confirmed exceptionally costly, yet, and also the British thought the frontier had to be secured through a standing army in order to proccasion an additional costly battle with Amerideserve to Indian tribes. Greater enforcement of royal profession legislations was put right into place, and also Parliament sshould raise revenue to pay off the crippling debt from the war and also the expense of a standing army in America by implementing new taxes on the swarms.

The initial measures the British absorbed 1763 and 1764to much better control their expanded empire in North America raised suspicions among some colonists about the intent of the residence government. These suspicions would prosper and swell over the coming years.

Colonial Taxes and Protests

The Stamp Act

In 1765, the British Parliament relocated beyond the efforts throughout the previous 2 years to better manage westward growth and also trade via the Stamp Act. As a straight taxes on the homesteaders, the Stamp Act imposed an inner taxation on nearly eexceptionally type of printed paper colonists provided, consisting of newspapers, legal files, and also playing cards. While the architects of the Stamp Act experienced the measure as a means to defray the costs of the British Realm, it nonetheless offered climb to the first significant early american protest versus British royal control as expressed in the renowned slogan “no tax without representation.”

The Stamp Act reinrequired the sense among some homesteaders that Parliament was not dealing with them as equals of their peers across the Atlantic. Outrage over the act developed a level of unity among otherwise unlinked Amerihave the right to colonists, giving them a opportunity to act together both politically and also socially. The crisis of the Stamp Act allowed homesteaders to loudly proclaim their identity as defenders of British liberty. With the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766, liberty-loving topics of the king commemorated what they regarded as a victory.


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The Stamp Act: Under the Stamp Act, anyone that supplied or purchased anypoint published on paper had to buy a revenue stamp for it. Image (a) shows a partial proof sheet of one-penny stamps. Image (b) gives a close-up of a one-penny stamp. (Crmodify (a): change of work by the UK Government; Credit (b): alteration of occupational by the UK Government)


The Townshfinish Acts and also the Boston Massacre

Colonists’ joy over the repeal of the Stamp Act did not last long. The Declaratory Act of 1766 had actually articulated Great Britain’s supreme authority over the swarms, and Parliament shortly started working out that authority. In 1767, Parliament passed the Townshfinish Acts, which enforced a taxation on consumer items in British The United States and Canada. Like the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts led many kind of colonists to job-related together against what they perceived to be an unconstitutional measure. Protests ultimately brought about the Boston Massacre of 1770, in which 5 homesteaders were eliminated. The experience of resisting the Townshfinish Acts gave another common experience among colonists from diverse areas and also backgrounds, while its later on partial repeal encouraged many that liberty had as soon as aacquire been defended. Nonetheless, Great Britain’s debt crisis still had actually not been addressed.

The Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party

The Tea Act of 1773 motivated a reaction with far even more significant after-effects than either the 1765 Stamp Act or the 1767 Townshend Acts. Colonists who had actually joined in protest against those earlier acts renewed their efforts in 1773. They construed that Parliament had actually aget asserted its ideal to impose taxes without depiction, and also they feared the Tea Act was designed to seduce them into conceding this essential principle by lowering the price of tea to the allude that colonists can be satisfied. They likewise deeply resented the East India Company’s monopoly on the sale of tea in the Amerihave the right to colonies; this resentment sprang from the understanding that some members of Parliament had actually invested greatly in the firm.

The early american rejection of the Tea Act culminated in an act of resistance recognized as the Boston Tea Party, in which a group of homesteaders from the Sons of Liberty threw $1 million (in today’s dollars) worth of British tea right into the Boston Harbor that was intended to be marketed in the swarms. This act recast the decade-lengthy discussion between British homesteaders and the house government as an intolerable conspiracy versus liberty and an too much overreach of parliamentary power. The British responded by implementing the Coercive Acts, which were punitive in nature and meant to make an instance of the colonies; and also sending British troops to Boston to cshed Boston Harbor, bring about tensions and resentments to escalate even more.

The First Continental Congress and the Outbreak of War

Following the Coercive Acts, colonists establiburned the First Continental Congress, which consisted of elected representatives from 12 of the 13 American colonies and also represented a straight challenge to British authority. In its Declaration and also Resolves, colonists demanded the repeal of all repressive acts passed considering that 1773. The delegates also recommended that the swarms raise militias, lest the British respond to the Congress’s proposed boycott of British products with pressure. While the colonists still taken into consideration themselves British topics, they were gradually retreating from British authority, producing their own de facto government via the First Continental Congress.

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The British mostly ignored the requirements of the Continental Congress and tried to disarm colonial insurgents in Massachusetts by confiscating their tools and ammunition and arrelaxing the leaders of the patriotic movement. However before, this initiative faltered on April 19, 1775, when Massachusetts militias and British troops fired on each various other as British troops marched to Lexington and Concord, an occasion immortalized by poet Ralph Walcarry out Emerkid as the “swarm heard round the human being.” The Amerideserve to Rdevelopment had begun.