Tbelow are virtually 2 dozen field properties that you have the right to customize. Most of these have the right to be set in the Field Properties Panel, though a few are just obtainable utilizing the Field Blueprint Dialog.Typical Field Properties

In enhancement to setting up individual area properties as defined listed below, you have the right to also usage the Common Fields menu to set all of the properties at once for prevalent areas like Name, Address, Date, Price, and so on To access this food selection, click the star alongside the field name:


When you choose a name from this food selection, Panorama sets up every one of the attributes, consisting of the type, alignment, output pattern, automatic capitalization and other information enattempt alternatives.

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The Usual Fields menu typically transforms the attributes of the existing area, but if you appropriate click the star (or double tab on the trackpad, or organize dvery own the Control key) Panorama will certainly include a brand-new field through the specified name and attributes. If you right click and host down the Shift crucial, a brand-new area will certainly be inserted.

Field Name

Each area in a Panorama database is determined by a area name. Field names serve numerous purposes: they remind you what the field is for (i.e. the Dates area more than likely consists of days, the Name area most likely has names, and so on.), they appear at the top of each column in the data sheet (unless a Field Title has actually been characterized, check out below), and they are supplied to determine fields in formulas and actions (for example Amount=Qty*Price).


Panorama doesn’t location any constraints on the area names you choose. Field names might be as lengthy as you want, and also they might contain any character that have the right to be typed from the keyboard. You can also have two or more fields through the exact same name (but we recommfinish that you prevent this, check out the next paragraph).

However, if you are planning to usage a area in a formula or procedure, you might desire to protect against some of these inexplicable possibilities. If you have actually two or even more fields via the exact same name, just the first area will certainly be accessible to a formula. Field names containing blanks or punctuation (for circumstances P/E Ratio) are more hard to usage in a formula. To use such a field in a formula, you must surround the area name via « and » (for example «P/E Ratio». (If you left out the «», Panorama would think you were trying to divide P by E, through Ratio left over.) You may want to protect against area names prefer Date, Seconds, And, Or, and Sum. These names have the right to be confutilizing as soon as provided in a formula because Panorama has attributes via the same names.

Field Title

In enhancement to a name, a field have the right to likewise have a title. If it does, that title will certainly be presented at the height of the column in the information sheet.


Using a field title can prevent the need for «» characters once accessing a area in a formula or regimen. For instance, you might offer a field the name peRatio, yet a title of P/E Ratio. This would certainly permit you to describe the field in a formula or regime ssuggest as peRatio, through no chevron personalities essential.

File Type

This pop-up food selection specifies the type of data stored in each field: text, number (integer or float), day, options or binary.


See File Types for more indevelopment around the kinds of data that can be stored in a field.


By default, most fields are left aligned except for numbers, which are appropriate aligned. But you have the right to choose Left, Center or Right for any type of area.


Output Pattern

The output pattern allows you to specify the screen format for numbers or dates. See Numeric Patterns and Date Patterns for even more information. You have the right to either type in the pattern manually, or you have the right to click the pop-up icon to the right for menu of widespread patterns.


Auto Caps

Use this pop-up menu to tell Panorama to immediately capitalize information entry in a field. Panorama deserve to automatically capitalize whatever, or just the first letter of each word or sentence.


Many type of databases contain fields wbelow the same indevelopment is recurring over and also over. For circumstances, a checkbook will contain the very same bills month after month — rent, phone, utilities, charge cards. Anvarious other example is an inventory database that includes many type of items from each vendor, via the vendor name repeated over and also over. Panorama’s Clairvoyance feature anticipates when you are about to enter information that has actually been gotten in before, and also completes the entry for you. This deserve to save you most keying, and helps improve consistency as well.

How can Panorama anticipate what you are about to type? The secret lies in Panorama’s capacity to scan the database in a fraction of a second. When you are using Clairvoyance, Panorama scans the whole database each time you enter a character. As it scans the database, it checks the personalities you have actually typed versus the data already in the database. When tbelow is just one possible complement, Clairvoyance guesses that you are around to repeat yourself and completes the word or expression for you.


Of course, Clairvoyance have the right to just be advantageous as soon as you are repeating a word or expression that is currently in the database. If you are entering a new word or phrase, Clairvoyance cannot help you — yet it won’t get in your method, either. As you type in a new word or phrase Clairvoyance may guess that you are entering an old word or phrase. Just keep keying, and also Clairvoyance will certainly instantly erase its guess when it no longer matches what you have actually typed.


Clairvoyance™ Helps Insure File Consistency – One trouble as soon as structure big databases is making certain that information always gets gone into the very same way, specifically when even more than one perchild is keying in the data. For instance, a solitary firm might be entered in your inventory database many ways—

FujiFuji, IncFuji USAFuji Picture, IncFuji Photograph Film USAFuji USA, Inc.Clairvoyance helps resolve this trouble by accurately repeating the indevelopment time after time. You may discover that Clairvoyance’s capacity to incertain information consistency is more crucial than the keystroke savings.


This alternative controls whether a field’s contents can be edited in the data sheet. If this alternative is unchecked, Panorama will simply beep if you attempt to edit information in this area.


This option just affects the data sheet, it does not proccasion the field’s contents from being edited through a kind or through routine code.

Void Bar Tab

Using the Tab essential is a good timesaver when entering many data, yet it sure is difficult on your left pinky. You can usage Panorama’s Space Bar Tab alternative to give your pinky a remainder. When you are utilizing this choice, pressing the Void Bar crucial as soon as or twice tells Panorama to skip to the following cell, just like the Tab key.

The Space Bar Tab choice can be configured separately for each field in the database.


If a field never before consists of a space (for example state, zip code, or price) you have the right to usage the 1 Space choice. This choice makes pressing the Gap Bar skip to the next cell.If a area periodically includes blanks (for example name, deal with, or description) you deserve to use the 2 Space option. When this alternative is energetic, you have the right to push the Space Bar twice in a row to skip to the next cell. (This choice does not typically occupational well with Clairvoyance.)

The Void Bar Tab choice might not sound extremely exciting on paper. You may wonder if it is worth the bother. This choice really does make it easier to enter several data without cramping your fingers, especially the left pinky. Give it a shot!

Default Value

When a brand-new record is added to a database, it is usually completely empty. You deserve to, but, erected a default value for each area. In this instance the default value of the Binding field is collection to Paperback. So once new documents are included, this area is immediately filled in with the worth Paperback.


The simplest default is a addressed worth, as shown in the instance over. For instance you might desire the Country area to default to your house nation, a shipping field to default to your preferred shipper. Once defaults are erected, they are instantly gotten in whenever before a new document is produced. Of course these are simply defaults, tbelow is nopoint to proccasion a user from manually typing in a different worth now or later.

Ditto Default – Instead of being addressed, a default value deserve to be based upon the data in the previous record. You have the right to create this form of “ditto” default by utilizing the default worth ". This is the quote character, which is developed by holding down the Shift key and also pressing the " key (just to the appropriate of the semicolon key). (Some civilization mistakenly speak to this the double-quote character. When you produce a brand-new document, the fields using the ditto default will contain the exact same worths as the document over. In this instance tbelow are four fields using a ditto default: Author, Publisher, Binding, Category and Sub Classification. So as soon as a new book is included these areas will be pre-filled with the same worth that appeared in the presently schosen document.



In enhancement to today, the default have the right to be collection to yesterday or tomorrow, or any day of the week, or any day of the week presolved by following or last, for example next tuesday or last mon.

Numeric Increment Default – For a numeric area you have the right to specify a default that is developed by including to the previous value in the field. To perform this, usage a default of +nn, where nn is the amount to add to the previous worth. For instance +1 causes the value to increment by one for each new document.


You can use any type of number, even an adverse number favor +–5. (Keep in mind, you have to incorporate the plus symbol initially, then the minus sign.) This default would cause Panorama to include negative 5 (very same as subtracting 5) to the worth each time a new document is developed. If the numeric type permits it, you deserve to even use non-integer values favor 2.5 or 0.1.

Be certain to save in mind that an incrementing default favor +1 is based upon the previous document, not on the largest worth in the entire database. So if you insert a document in the middle of the database, the incremented worth will certainly be based on the value simply over it, not on the worth at the end of the database. This have the right to lead to repetitive worths being placed right into the information.


Creating a Unique Record Number – Many databases applications need that each document contain a unique number that have the right to be supplied to determine the record. Typical examples include invoice numbers, batch ID’s, employee numbers, and so on. Panorama deserve to automatically asauthorize a distinctive number to each new document as it is created, even if numerous people are making use of the database concurrently over a network.The field containing the document number need to be a numeric field. To specify that this field should contain a distinctive record number, the default should be + . Do not specify any increment value, just use a single + character.

Each database includes a respond to for keeping track of the next document number. Eexceptionally time a brand-new record is produced the counter is incremented by one. Even if the document is later deleted, the number will certainly never be re-provided (unless you Quit Panorama or close the database without saving your alters, or unmuch less you recollection the respond to manually as explained below).

You have the right to manually change the record number respond to making use of the Database Options Dialog (in the File menu). Ssuggest type in any integer worth for the Next Record ID# choice.


Input Pattern

Sometimes you might wish to pressure the data being entered right into a certain pattern. For instance in the United States and also Canada long distance phone numbers virtually constantly usage the pattern (999) 999–9999. A field’s Input Pattern can take treatment of entering the pattern for you. Once the pattern is put up, you just form the actual data (in this situation the digits of the phone number). Panorama combines the data you enter via the pattern to create the actual information. For instance, if the input pattern is:

(___) ___-____then keying in 3124562468 produces the data (312) 456–2468.


An input pattern is composed of a string of personalities with an underscore in each spot wright here actual data will be gone into. The input pattern is simply choose fill in the blanks, but instead of filling in the blanks you fill in the underscores. (Press Shift-Dash to enter the underscore character. The dash crucial is in the optimal row of the key-board, simply to the right of the 0 essential.)

Input Range (Restricting Input Character Types)

Panorama usually allows you to enter any type of character that can be typed from the key-board. If vital you can restrict the kinds of personalities that have the right to be entered into each area, for instance, to simply allow numbers or only letters.


The actual personalities allowed are characterized by one or more pairs of personalities. Each pair specifies a range of characters that are allowed. For instance the pair displayed over,

09would certainly enable all personalities in the variety 0…9 (numeric digits), while the pair

azwould certainly allow all lower situation letters. You have the right to incorporate several pairs to produce a much more facility selection, for example

az09for all reduced instance letters or numbers. A pair might specify a single character as both the start and also finish of the array, for instance


just the percent symbol enabled, or

09%%numerals and also the percent symbol permitted, however not the decimal point). If you wish to allow spaces, among the pairs have to be a pair of spaces, for instance

AZ az09Editor ModeSome forms of information, for instance Choices, have actually special editors. If accessible, Panorama instantly provides any kind of distinct editor obtainable. If you don’t desire this, you deserve to readjust the Editor Mode to Text Editor to pressure Panorama to always use traditional message editing and enhancing for this area.

Automatic Field Calculations & Code

Panorama have the right to immediately percreate a calculation whenever before information is readjusted, or even run a program.


To learn the details, see Automatic Field Calculations and Automatic Field Code.


Panorama allows you to specify a minimal list of worths that have the right to be used in a area.


See Choices to learn exactly how to set up and also use choices.


Use the Notes location for notes to yourself about this area. Panorama doesn’t do anypoint via these notes.

See more: A Mark Placed Above A Vowel To Indicate Pronunciation Crossword Clue

See Also


10.0UpdatedCarried over from Panorama 6.0, however through new options for area title, modifying options, formulas and code.