You are watching: Which statement is true about prescriptive theories?
2 RationaleTheories are designed to explain a phenomenon such as self-care or caring. A concept is a means of seeing with a set of reasonably concrete and specific concepts and the propositions that describe or connect the concepts.p. 41
As an art, nursing counts on understanding acquired from practice and reflection on past experiences. As a science, what does nursing depend on? Select all that use.Experimental study Nonexperimental research study Research from various other disciplines Professional opinions
1, 2, 3 RationaleAs a scientific research, the area of nursing relies on understanding got with nursing study, other disciplines, and also scientifically tested theories applied in the practice establishing.p. 41
Why is nursing study important in the profession of nursing? Select all that use. Research can result in new theories. Research helps to test all components of a theory. Research is not done in nursing. Research determines the accuracy of a theory. Research helps in testing a concept prior to it is imposed.
1 4 5 RationaleResearch that tests nursing theories determines just how accurately a concept defines a nursing phenomenon. Testing helps to develop evidence for describing or predicting patient outcomes. The researcher has a theoretical concept of just how patients explain or respond to a phenomenon and also consequently geneprices research study questions or hypotheses to test the presumptions of the concept. Research is valuable to test a concept before it is implemented. No single examine tests all components of a theory.p. 41
Theory-based nursing practice offers a theoretical approach for nursing care. This strategy moves nursing forward as a scientific research. What does this suggest?One theory will certainly overview nursing exercise. Scientists will certainly decide nursing decisions. Nursing will only base patient treatment on the exercise of other sciences. Theories will certainly be tested to describe or predict patient outcomes.
4RationaleTright here are multiple theories for the practice of nursing; these theories are tested to develop the evidence to describe or predict patient outcomes.p. 41, 42
Which statements use to concept generation? Select all that use. Theory generation builds a scientific expertise base of nursing. Theory generation discovers relationships of sensations to practice. Theory generation tests certain sensations. Theory generation identifies monitorings around a phenomenon. Theory generation proves hypotheses.
1 2 5 RationaleTheory-generating research study identifies observations or defines sensations. It contributes to the clinical understanding base of nursing. Relationships of the phenomena to practice and also experimentation certain phenomena are part of the theory-testing research study activities.pp. 41-42, 49
Which term is described as the pattern of thoughts that describe the domain of a discipline?Paradigm Phenomena Nursing concept Peplau"s theory
1 RationaleA paradigm is the term provided to explain the pattern of thoughts that explain the domajor of a details technique such as nursing. A phenomenon is the term, description, or label offered to define an idea or responses about an event, a case, a process, a team of occasions, or a group of cases. A nursing theory is a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing that defines, defines, predicts, or prescribes nursing care. Peplau"s theory is just one of the nursing theories.p. 42
The nurse is discovering around nursing theories and also their emphasis on the sensations of nursing and nursing treatment. What would certainly the nurse explain as a phenomenon of nursing? Self-care Nursing treatment Pathophysiological processes Client response to tension Sociosocial determinants affecting health
1 2 4 RationaleNursing theories emphasis on the sensations of nursing and also nursing care. A phenomenon is the term, summary, or label given to define an idea or responses to or about an occasion, a instance, a procedure, a team of events, or a team of situations. Examples of nursing phenomena encompass caring, self-treatment, and the patient responding to stress and anxiety. Pathophysiological procedures and also sociosocial components affecting health and wellness are not phenomena however ideas that aid define a phenomenon.p. 42
What is the goal of Watson"s theory?To construct interactivity in between the nurse and also patient To promote health, gain back the patient"s health and wellness, and also proccasion illness To emphasis on caring as a means of coping via condition To facilitate the reparative procedures of the body by manipulating the patient"s environment
2 RationaleJean Watson"s theory is regarded the humanistic facets of life. The major goal of Watson"s theory is to promote health and wellness, reclaim the patient"s health, and also prevent disease. Developing a nurse-patient connection is the primary goal of Peplau"s concept. Focutilizing on caring and also personal issue is the goal of Benner and also Wrubel"s concept. Facilitating the reparative processes of the body by manipulating the patient"s atmosphere is a goal of Nightingale"s theory.p. 43
What are components of the nursing paradigm?The person, wellness, the environment, and also concept Health, theory, ideas, and the environment Nurses, medical professionals, health and wellness, and also patient demands The perboy, health and wellness, the environment/instance, and also nursing
4RationaleThe nursing paradigm focuses on the perkid, wellness, the environment/instance, and also nursing. All the elements communicate through one an additional with the patient being central.p. 42
The nurse is examining the theories of nursing. Which would certainly the nurse categorize as phenomena of nursing? Select all that apply.Self-care Nursing care Pathophysiological processes Client response to stress and anxiety Sociocultural determinants affecting health
1 2 4 RationaleNursing theories focus on the phenomena of nursing and also nursing care. A phenomenon is the term, summary, or label given to describe an concept or response to or around an occasion, instance, procedure, team of events, or team of instances. Examples of nursing sensations include caring, self-care, and patient responses to tension. Pathophysiological processes and also sociosocial determinants affecting wellness are not phenomena yet concepts that aid define a phenomenon.p. 42
What are the web links of the meta-paradigm of nursing? Select all that use. Human Nursing Research Environment Knowledge developmen
1, 3, 4RationaleA paradigm is a pattern of thoughts that explains the domajor of a certain discipline such as nursing. The meta-paradigm of nursing has actually four links including perkid, health, nursing, and also environment or situation. Research and understanding breakthrough are not web links of the nursing meta-paradigm; they are facets of the nursing paradigm that direct the activity of the nursing profession.p. 42
What is true about a prescriptive theory?It addresses specific sensations and also shows practice. It is the first level in concept advancement and also defines a phenomenon. It offers a structural framework for broad ideas about nursing. It is connected to outcomes (results of certain nursing interventions).
4RationaleA prescriptive theory details nursing interventions for a details phenomenon and also the expected outcome of the care. A grand also theory is methodical and also wide in scope and provides a structural structure for nursing exercise. A middle-range concept concentrates on a details area or phenomenon fairly than the broad scope of nursing. A descriptive theory is the first level of theory advancement and also defines the sensations under research. These theories help overview research.p. 42
A senior nurse is teaching nursing theories to a team of nursing students. What are the components of nursing theories that describe a nursing phenomenon? Select all that apply.Concepts Definitions Corrections Assumptions Compositions
Which statement around theory-based nursing exercise is incorrect?It contributes to evidence-based practice. It offers a methodical procedure for making nursing interventions. It is not connected to nursing outcomes. It guides the nurse"s assessment.
2RationaleTheory-based nursing exercise does reflect nursing outcomes. For example, prescriptive theories attend to particular nursing interventions and predict the patient response. Test-Taking Tip: Rereview the question if the answers perform not seem to make sense because you might have missed words such as not or except in the statement. For this question, the question asked for the incorrect response.p. 44
The nurse is examining the efficiency of breapoint exercises for asthmatic patients. Which theories must the nurse take into consideration to find the performance of a specific intervention?Grand also theories Middle-array theories Descriptive theories Prescriptive theories
4 RationalePrescriptive theories are action oriented and validay a nursing intervention. Therefore, the nurse must describe descriptive theories to find the efficacy of an intervention. Grand theories perform not provide guidance for particular nursing interventions. Middle-array theory tends to focus on a details area of nursing, quite than reflect on a large variety of nursing care situations. Descriptive theories define why a phenomenon occurs. These theories carry out not guide nursing interventions.p. 44
What is middle-range theory? It addresses specific phenomena and also mirrors practice. It is the initially level in concept development and also describes a phenomenon. It offers a structural structure for wide ideas around nursing. It is linked to outcomes (consequences of specific nursing interventions).
1RationaleA middle-array theory concentrates on a details area or phenomenon quite than the wide scope of nursing. A grand also concept is systematic and also broad in scope and provides a structural structure for nursing practice. A descriptive theory is the first level of concept advancement and defines the phenomena under examine. A prescriptive concept details nursing interventions for a specific phenomenon and the meant outcome of the treatment. These theories aid guide research.p. 44
The nurse is using Henderson"s theory as a basis for theory-based nursing practice. Which various other aspects are vital for theory-based nursing practice? Select all that apply.Knowledge of nursing scientific research Knowledge of related scientific researches Knowledge around current health treatment problems Knowledge of requirements of exercise Knowledge of bias
1 2 4 RationaleHenderson"s theory is an example of a grand concept. Regardmuch less of which specific nursing concept is schosen, the nurse have to usage expertise from nursing and associated scientific researches, endure, and also criteria of practice as soon as offering care.p. 44
A senior nurse is explaining the prestige of nursing concept to a group of nursing students. What statements are true around prescriptive theories? Select all that use. Prescriptive theories are action-oriented. Prescriptive theories test the validity and predictcapability of a nursing treatment. Prescriptive theories are more restricted in scope and also less abstract. Prescriptive theories guide nursing research to develop certain nursing interventions. Prescriptive theories deal with a certain phenomenon and reflect practice.
1 2 4 RationaleA prescriptive nursing theory is action-oriented, and the objective of the concept is to test whether a nursing treatment is valid and also predictable. Hence, these theories deserve to assist build particular nursing interventions. The middle-array theories are limited in scope and also much less abstract as they emphasis just on a details element of nursing. The middle-range theories resolve a particular phenomenon and reflect exercise.p. 44
The nurse is caring for a patient via Guillain-Barré syndrome. The nurse is explaining the pathological procedure underlying the illness to the patient"s parental fees. What kind of concept would certainly be most beneficial to the nurse once getting knowledge around the underlying pathology of the disease?Grand theories Middle-selection theories Descriptive theories Prescriptive theories
3RationaleDescriptive theories explain sensations and speculate regarding why they occur. They perform not direct nursing actions. Grand theories are extremely comprehensive and also carry out a structural structure for wide and abstract concepts of nursing. Middle-variety theories emphasis on specific fields of nursing. Prescriptive theories deal with the nursing interventions for a phenomenon.p. 44
What is descriptive theory?It addresses specific sensations and also mirrors exercise. It is the first level in concept breakthrough and defines a phenomenon. It provides a structural structure for wide ideas around nursing. It is connected to outcomes (after-effects of particular nursing interventions).
2RationaleA descriptive theory is the first level of theory advance and also explains the phenomena under study. A grand concept is systematic and also broad in scope and provides a structural frame for nursing practice. A middle-range concept concentrates on a details area or phenomenon rather than the broad scope of nursing. A prescriptive concept details nursing interventions for a particular phenomenon and the intended outcome of the treatment. These theories help guide research study. Test-Taking Tip: If you are unacquainted with the term in the question, evaluation the responses and look for similar terms in the responses to enhance those in the question. In this instance, the question asks about descriptive concept, and also the correct alternative describes that it explains a phenomenon.p. 44
What is true around grand theory?It addresses certain sensations and also mirrors practice. It is the initially level in concept advancement and explains a phenomenon. It gives a structural framework for broad ideas around nursing. It is attached to outcomes (consequences of particular nursing interventions).
3 RationaleA grand concept is methodical and also wide in scope and also offers a structural frame for nursing exercise. A middle-variety theory focuses on a particular field or phenomenon quite than the wide scope of nursing. A descriptive concept is the initially level of theory development and defines the sensations under research. A prescriptive theory details nursing interventions for a specific phenomenon and also the meant outcome of the care. These theories help guide research. Test-Taking Tip: If you are unacquainted through the term in the question, testimonial the responses and look for similar terms in the responses to match those in the question. In this instance, the question asks around grand also concept. You know grand have the right to expect huge or expansive, and also the correct answer includes the term wide.p. 44
What is input?It is information entering the mechanism. It is the end product. It is information related to device functioning. It is product and also indevelopment acquired from the system.
1 *RationaleA mechanism features on its content, input, output, and feedback. The components are interrelated and also share a common function to develop a whole; tright here is a continuous procedure of input, output, and feedearlier data. Input for the nursing process is the information or information that originates from a patient"s assessment (i.e., how the patient interacts through the atmosphere and also the patient"s physiological function).p. 45
What is output? It is information entering the mechanism. It is the finish product. It is information pertained to system functioning. It is product and indevelopment derived from the system.
2 RationaleA device features on its content, input, output, and feedago. The components are interrelated and share a widespread purpose to create a whole; tright here is a constant procedure of input, output, and also feedearlier information. Output is the finish product of a system. In the situation of the nursing procedure, it is whether the patient"s wellness status enhances, declines, or remains steady as a result of nursing care.p. 45
What is feedback?File entering the device The end product Documents related to mechanism functioning Product and also information obtained from the system
3A mechanism attributes on its content, input, output, and feedearlier. The components are interassociated and also share a prevalent function to create a whole; tbelow is a consistent process of input, output, and also feedago information. Feedago serves to indevelop a device about exactly how it features.p. 45
What is content?Content is data entering the system. Content is the end product. Content is information concerned device functioning. Content is product and indevelopment obtained from the mechanism.
4 RationaleA mechanism features on its content, input, output, and also feedback. The components are interassociated and share a widespread function to form a whole; tbelow is a constant process of input, output, and also feedago data. The content is the product and also information obtained from the device.p. 45
To practice in today"s wellness treatment setting, nurses need a strong scientific understanding base from nursing and also other self-controls such as the physical, social, and behavior scientific researches. Which need does this statement identify?Solution theories Developpsychological theories Interdisciplinary theories Health and also health models
3RationaleAs the health and wellness system evolves and the health and wellness care needs of the patient focus on health promotion, disease avoidance, and treatment, even more techniques are associated in patient treatment. To be reliable in exercise nurses must be aware of theoretical approaches of treatment occurring from various other self-controls and from nursing. Test-Taking Tip: Key terms in the question offer helpful clues. For this question, the phrase "and also various other disciplines" is crucial. Recalling the definition of interdisciplinary ( Inter means between; so interdisciplinary indicates in between techniques.) provides you the answer!p. 45
The nurse is caring for a patient admitted to the hospital after complaints of chest pain and shortness of breath. She continued to be in ICU for two days because of her elevated blood press of 190/100 mm Hg however has actually because been inserted on a medical floor. According to systems theory, what determinants constitute the input component? Select all that apply.Blood press of 190/100 mm Hg Antihypertensive drugs administered in the ICU History of chest pain History of shortness of breath Improvement from wellness interventions offered in the ICU
1 4 5 RationaleAccording to systems theory, the nursing procedure has actually four components including input, output, feedback, and also content. Input is any type of information or data derived after assessing the patient"s wellness. This consists of indevelopment about the patient"s physiological feature or indevelopment around the interactivity in between the patient and also the setting. Because of this, the information around blood push, history of chest pain, and breathlessness constitute input information. Antihypertensive drugs and the interventions that were given to the patient are the data contained in the content information.p. 45
The nursing student is working on a job around interdisciplinary theories. She has actually interregarded a couple of in-service registered nurses and has learned that the goal of the nursing process is to organize and provide patient-focused care. As a device, which components does the nursing procedure include? Select all that use.Input Output Feedago Deliextremely Rejection
1 2 3 RationaleThe nursing process as a mechanism is composed of input, output, feedago, and also content. Input is the information that is acquired by studying the patient. Output is the outcome of the nursing care, such as whether the patient"s condition has enhanced, is secure, or has actually worsened. Feedback is the response of household members and wellness care carriers to the patient"s wellness condition. Content is the indevelopment obtained from the nursing procedure. Rejection is not a component of the nursing process. Test-Taking Tip: Even if you think you are unfamiliar via the certain product, usage your ideal judgment or common sense to evaluate each option. For this question, you would certainly be able to get rid of "Rejection" as incorrect simply based upon whether it seemed reasonable.p. 45
The nurse is caring for a woguy through diabetes in a tertiary treatment setting and has actually educated her about the avoidance of bedsores and also foot treatment. After discharge, whom should the nurse contact for feedearlier about the patient"s health? Select all that use. The patient Family members The laboratory personnel The consulting health and wellness care expert The patient"s friends
1 2 4 RationaleFeedearlier is helpful in analyzing a device and also just how it attributes. In nursing, feedearlier have the right to be derived from the perchild receiving solutions, his or her family members, and from any type of various other consulting health and wellness care experts. Outcomes are likewise a part of the feedago system and also have the right to be offered to improve the services. In the nursing procedure, the outcomes reflect the patient"s responses to nursing interventions. Because of this, in this instance, feedago can be derived from the patient, the household members, and the health care professional. The laboratory personnel and also the patient"s friends are not required for feedback and also therefore must not be consulted. The laboratory personnel and the patient"s friends are not through the patient all the time; therefore, they would not be helpful in giving feedearlier concerning the patient"s health.p. 45
Which theories define the life procedures of an older adult facing chronic illness?Solution theories Developpsychological theories Interdisciplinary theories Health and also well-being models
2 RationaleDevelopmental theories explain and also predict habits and breakthrough at assorted phases of the life continuum, as in the phase of older adulthood. STUDY TIP: You have a good reresource in your classmates. We all have different finding out styles, staminas, and also perspectives on the material. Participating in a examine group have the right to be an useful enhancement to your nursing institution experience.p. 46
The nursing student is functioning on her task on interdisciplinary theories. A senior nurse whom the nursing student had interregarded introduces her to an elderly woguy who has actually been admitted to the hospital for fever before. The nursing student finds that the womale lives in a high-crime location. According to Maslow"s hierarchy of demands, which demands are the priority for this woman?Esteem and self-esteem requirements Basic physiological needs Safety and also security demands Self-actualization needs
2 RationaleThe patient is admitted to the hospital now and also not in her home environment where safety is a priority, so the priority require currently is physiological due to her admitting diagnosis of fever before. At home, the patient"s priority is likely safety and security, complied with by self esteem and self actualization. Test-Taking Tip: For concerns concerning Maslow"s power structure of requirements, respeak to the needs in order of highest priority first. Is tbelow any type of indication that basic physiological needs are not being met? If not, then continue to the next require in the sequence: security. Ah-ha! The question provides the clue about the patient living in a high-crime area, and also so you have actually the answer.p. 46
The nurse is caring for a patient through cancer. Which nursing activity would certainly come under the initially level according to Maslow"s pecking order of needs?Providing enteral nutrition Constantly assessing the existence of bedsores Providing assistance to the patient Using techniques to improve the patient"s self-esteem
1RationaleAccording to Maslow"s hierarchy of requirements, standard physiological requirements prefer air, water, and also food come under the initially level. Providing enteral nutrition meets the initially level of human requirements. Constantly assessing the existence of bedsores is the nursing action, which addresses the security demands of the patient. This activity comes under the second level of Maslow"s power structure. Providing support to the patient is an activity to accomplish the love and also belonging needs of the patient. Because of this, this activity comes under the third level. Using strategies to boost self-esteem in the patient comes in level 4 of Maslow"s power structure.p. 46
The nurse is caring for a patient through a urinary tract infection. According to units concept, which statement need to be thought about as an input from the patient?The patient reports obstacle with uricountry. The patient voided normally without any kind of obstacle. The patient is feeling better and also many thanks the nurse for the intervention. The patient must be provided a diuretic to help via urination.
1 Rationale*Input is the information that is obtained after studying the patient. The statement that the patient has obstacle urinating is input data. Output is the result, and also for this reason, an increase in urinary output deserve to be taken into consideration as an output. The outcome for a patient that has obstacle urinating is an capacity to urinate without obstacle. Thus, uricountry without obstacle is output data. The patient thanking the nurse bereason of advancement in the problem is the feedago, and also the information that a diuretic must be provided is content.p. 45
The nursing student is working on her project on interdisciplinary theories. While interviewing among the in-business nurses, the nursing student asks for an example of feedago. Which statement is an instance of feedback? The wife of a husband also suffering asthma thanked the nurse for her husband"s recovery. The nurse learned that scheduled placing transforms help reduce the danger of push ulcers. A patient through ischemic heart strike was secure after ongoing nursing care. Throughout assessment of a patient, the nurse noticed that the patient was unable to walk correctly.
1RationaleFeedago is the response of the family members and other wellness treatment suppliers to the patient"s health and wellness condition. The wife"s response around her husband"s boosting condition is taken into consideration feedback. The knowledge that scheduled placing changes help in reducing the danger of press ulcers is an instance of nursing content. The steady condition of the patient after ischemic heart attack is an example of nursing output. The incapacity to walk is an instance of nursing input. Test-Taking Tip: You have actually at leastern a 25% possibility of selecting the correct response in multiple-alternative items. If you are uncertain about a question, get rid of the choices that you believe are wrong and then speak to on your expertise, abilities, and also abilities to pick from the remaining responses.p. 45
Which statement is true concerning the nursing process?It is the finish product of a device. It is the product and information derived from a mechanism. It is the indevelopment that comes from a patient"s assessment. It is the indevelopment provided to a device around its functions.
2 RationaleThe nursing process includes the product and also information acquired from the system. It is the information around the nursing interventions for patients through certain health problems. Output is the finish product of a system. Input is the indevelopment that comes from a patient"s assessment. Feedback serves to administer indevelopment to a device about its features.p. 45
The nursing student is researching Neuman"s mechanism design of nursing. Including the physiological, just how many type of principles interact through each other to form this system?
5RationaleBetty Neuman"s concept is based upon stress and anxiety and also the patient"s reaction to it. This theory has actually 5 components: physiological, psychological, sociosocial, developmental, and spiritual. These ideas interact through interior and outside factors at all levels of avoidance and also via each other to accomplish optimal well-being.p. 46
A team of nurse researchers is working on a job that aims to enhance nursing interventions to aid patients via paralysis regain their mobility. The purpose of the research study is to style interventions that would help patients reacquire toughness and also freedom as quickly as feasible. Which nursing care theory would certainly be the majority of correct to the nurse researchers working on this project?Watson"s concept King"s theory Peplau"s concept Henderson"s theory
4RationaleHenderson"s concept promotes assisting patients in getting freedom, stamina, and also self-sufficiency. The researchers should use this theory to enhance nursing interventions that aid the paralytic patients recuperate from their decreased mobility. Watson"s theory encounters fostering, restoring, and avoiding illness. King"s theory encounters utilizing communication to assist the patient redevelop positive adaptation to the environment. Peplau"s theory faces arising interactions between the nurse and the patient.p. 46
The nurse is consulting with a patient who stays alone after the death of a spouse 3 years ago. The patient, that has no children and also few close friends, reports good physical health however has been feeling listmuch less. What have to be the priority in nursing treatment for this patient, according to Maslow"s hierarchy of needs?Physiological needs Spiroutine requirements Self-esteem requirements Psychological needs
4RationaleThe nurse have to be able to prioritize the demands of a patient. This patient appears to have actually no instant physical demands yet is feeling lonely and might have actually mental needs that have to be the priority of nursing care. Although spiroutine and also self-esteem requirements are essential, they are above physiological and emotional needs in the hierarchy of care and should not be the initially priority in nursing care.p. 46
Henderson"s concept concentrates on the basic needs of the patient, which are divided into five domains: physiological, psychological, sociosocial, spiritual, and developmental. According to this concept, just how many kind of fundamental requirements does a perkid have? Record your answer making use of a whole number.
14RationaleHenderson"s concept is based upon the individual demands of a perkid. According to this theory, each perkid has 14 fundamental demands that are divided right into 5 domains: physiological, mental, sociocultural, spiroutine, and developmental. This concept specifies nursing as assisting an individual—well or sick—in performing tasks that would certainly contribute to wellness, recoextremely, or a tranquil fatality.p. 46
The nurse finds that an elderly patient is underweight, malnourished, and also cachexic. The patient does not have actually a household but does have a cshed friend who visits regularly. The patient shows up depressed and also comlevels around not achieving enough during life. Which of the patient"s needs falls under the third level of Maslow"s hierarchy?Need for nutrition Need for the visiting frifinish Need for a sense of accomplishment Need for a sense of usefulness
2 RationaleMaslow"s hierarchy entails 5 levels. The first level involves standard needs consisting of food, air, and water. The second level consists of security and also security needs. The third level consists of love and belonging needs such as friendship. The fourth level includes self-esteem needs such as self-confidence, feeling of achievement, usefulness, and also self-worth. The final level has the require of self-actualization. Thus, the need for meeting the frifinish comes under the third level of hierarchy. Nutritional requirements come under the initially level and also the need for a feeling of achievement and usefulness are fourth-level needs.p. 46
A patient that is in the terminal steras of cancer has actually modeprice pain and also significant dyspnea. Her husband also increates the nurse that she believes in prayer and also her last wish is to die while listening to prayer. What have to the nurse perform first? Percreate a prayer. Administer pain medications. Administer oxygen. Arselection for a chasimple.
3 RationaleThe nurse need to determine and also prioritize the unmet demands of a patient. This patient is in the terminal stage of cancer and also has serious dyspnea. Maintaining airmethod breapoint and circulation is the a lot of standard physiological require, and also therefore the nurse should carry out oxygen. Once this has actually been done, the nurse deserve to take steps to accomplish other demands of the patient, including performing a prayer, administering pain medications, or arranging for a chaplain.p. 46
In order to treatment for a broad array of patients from various cultural backgrounds, the nurse have to have a thostormy knowledge of culturally proficient treatment. On which concept is this statement based?Systems concept Interdisciplinary concept Developpsychological theory Psychological theory
4RationaleTheoretical models that explain or predict patient responses related to any type of physiological, emotional, sociocultural, developpsychological, and spiritual doprimary come under mental theories. Culturally knowledgeable care is based on behavior responses of civilization across differed societies. Therefore, it have the right to be defined under psychosocial theories. Systems theory describes the components of a concept that are interregarded develop a totality. An interdisciplinary theory explains the methodical view of a phenomenon. Developmental theories explain the processes that begin via conception and proceed until fatality.p. 46
A patient is newly diagnosed through diabetes. The diagnosis has actually made the patient feel stressed, and also the patient eats even more carbohydrates. Which concept describes this phenomenon?Neuman"s theory Orem"s theory Peplau"s concept Leininger"s theory
1 RationaleThis patient is newly diagnosed with diabetes and also is under stress. The patient responds to stress and anxiety by eating as well many carbohydprices. This procedure is described by Neuman"s concept, which focuses on stress and anxiety and the reactivity of patients to that anxiety. Orem"s theory focuses on the self-treatment requirements of the patient. According to the theory, the patient must have the ability to manage wellness problems. Peplau"s theory concentrates on the nurse-patient interpersonal partnership. Leininger"s concept focuses on providing culturally competent care. Unfavor Neuman"s systems design, Orem"s concept, Peplau"s theory, and Leininger"s theory carry out not specifically define the connection in between the stressor and also the stress-connected habits.p. 47
A patient that is bedridden after an accident has become exceptionally quiet and also is not connecting with her family members or hospital staff. The nurse is concentrating on efforts to construct reliable nurse-patient communication. Which theory is helpful for developing interindividual relationships?Leininger"s theory Roy"s theory Peplau"s concept Nightingale"s theory
2RationalePeplau"s theory focuses on arising interindividual relationships among the nurse, the patient, and the patient"s family members. Following this concept, the nurse acts as a counselor, a resource perkid, and also a surrogate. Hence, the nurse helps the patient minimize the stress and anxiety pertained to health treatment difficulties. Leininger"s concept focuses on cultural diversity and also offering culturally particular health care. Roy"s concept faces helping the patient to adapt to transforms, and Nightingale"s theory concentrates on ecological determinants influencing the patient"s wellness status. STUDY TIP: Have each member of a examine group create what they think is the focus of Orem"s, Leininger"s, Peplau"s, and also other theories. Compare your responses and summarize each theory on a notecard for review.p. 47
A patient is bedridden after an accident and also she demands to adapt to her surroundings for physiological, sociological, and mental demands. The nurse has chose to use Roy"s theory to the patient"s condition. Which statements apply to Roy"s theory as soon as establishing patient adaptations? Select all that apply.The nurse will certainly identify which demands are resulting in difficulties for the patient. The nurse assesses how well the patient is adapting to problems. Adaptation to the fundamental physiological require need to be the just goal of the nurse. Nursing treatment have to be directed towards helping the patient adapt to changes. The need for nursing treatment arises only when the perboy cannot adapt to interior ecological requirements.
1 2 4 RationaleAccording to Roy"s concept, the goal of nursing care have to be to assist the patient adapt to transforms. The nurse need to determine which needs are leading to the problem and need to assess the patient"s response to the changes that need to be adjusted to. The nurse should directly care for the patient and also help her adapt to the alters. The goal of nursing have to not be limited to adaptation of fundamental physiological needs. It should additionally include emerging a positive self-principle, performing social roles, and also achieving balance in between dependence and self-reliance. The require for nursing care arises once the person cannot adapt to either interior or external environmental demands. Test-Taking Tip: Pay attention to key words within the question. For this one, the phrase, "as soon as developing patient adaptations" is vital. Four of the options usage variations of the word adapt, but 2 of the selections additionally contain the word only. These cues have the right to help you confirm that "the nurse assesses how well is the patient adapting to problems" and also "nursing treatment should be directed towards helping the patient adapt to changes" as correct, acquiring you closer to a complete answer.p. 47
What are the demands of Roy"s adaptation version that can be valuable in helping the patient? Select all that use.Economical Pathological Physiological Psychological Dependence-independence
3 4 5 What are the requirements of Roy"s adaptation version that have the right to be valuable in helping the patient? Select all that apply.Economical Pathological Physiological Psychological Dependence-independence
A patient is diagnosed through myocardial ischemia. His blood press reading is 180/100 mm Hg, and his complete blood cholesterol is 300 mg/dL. The nurse teaches him simple exercises that help mitigate his cholesterol level and also increase his tolerance to stress via adaptation. Of which nursing theory is this an example? Roy"s theory Leininger"s concept Orem"s theory Peplau"s theory
1RationaleAccording to Roy"s model, the goal of nursing is to help the perchild adapt to changes in physiological demands, self-principle, duty attribute, and interdependent connections throughout health and also condition. Therefore, the nurse is using Roy"s concept below. Leininger"s theory concentrates on the prestige of culture in caring for the patient. Orem"s theory concentrates on the patient"s self-care demands, whereas Peplau"s theory emphasizes the nurse-patient interpersonal partnership.p. 47
A patient via leukemia is admitted to a hospital. The nurse is developing tactics to assist the patient cope via the prognosis. Which theory can help the nurse in emerging the strategies?Grand concept Mishel"s concept Peplau"s concept Descriptive theory
2RationaleMishel"s theory on uncertainty concentrates on dealing with uncertainty in condition procedures such as cancers. As such, this concept can assist the nurse in occurring tactics to aid the patient address the uncertainty of the prognosis of leukemia. A grand concept does not overview the nursing interventions but offers a structural structure for wide, abstract concepts around nursing. They are incredibly detailed. They execute not particularly aid in developing methods to rise coping. Peplau"s theory focuses on the nurse-patient interindividual relationship; increasing coping skills is simply one facet of the theory. Descriptive theories explain phenomena that would certainly be beneficial to explain in nursing assessments. They are not beneficial for guiding nursing actions. However, they would certainly be advantageous in explaining the sensations of stress and anxiety and also coping yet might not be useful to the nurse in occurring tactics for coping.p. 47
Which theory claims that the patient adapts to changes in physiological demands, self-principle, and interdependent connections in the time of health and wellness and illness?Roy"s concept Orem"s concept Peplau"s theory Henderson"s theory
Which concept claims that the patient adapts to transforms in physiological requirements, self-concept, and also interdependent connections in the time of health and wellness and also illness?Roy"s concept Orem"s theory Peplau"s theory Henderson"s theory
The nurse is caring for a patient who has electively terminated a pregnancy. Throughout the caring process, the patient shares her feelings and emovements via the nurse, which outcomes in the nurse occurring a bond via the patient. Which nursing theory would be most proper to aid construct an interpersonal relationship?Nightingale"s concept Peplau"s concept Neuman"s theory Henderson"s theory
2 RationalePeplau"s theory is to develop interactions in between the nurse and the patient. This concept greatly concentrates on the nurse developing a therapeutic connection with the patient to aid promote health and also proccasion sickness. Although Nightingale"s concept does promote a connection between the patient and also the nurse, its main emphasis is to facilitate the reparative procedures of the body by doing manipulations in the environment. Neuman"s theory additionally promotes a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and also the patient, but its main emphasis is attaining full wellness by a lot required interventions. Henderson"s concept mostly focuses on working individually via various other health care companies and also helping the patient to gain independence. A secondary area of concern might be to promote a patient-nurse partnership.p. 47, 48
While working in a area health clinic, it is crucial to attain nursing histories and also gain to know the patients. Part of history taking is to develop the nurse-patient partnership. Which statements apply to Peplau"s concept once establishing the nurse-patient relationship? Select all that apply.An interaction between the nurse and patient should construct. The patient"s needs must be clarified and explained. The nurse-patient connection is affected by the patient"s and also the nurse"s preconceptions. The nurse-patient partnership is influenced just by the nurse"s preconceptions. The nurse-patient relationship should not establish trust.
1 2 3 RationaleThere is consistent interactivity by both the patient and also the nurse throughout all phases of the nurse-patient connection. One choice is incorrect bereason the focus is only on the nurse. Test-Taking Tip: Key words or phrases in the stem of the question such as first, main, beforehand, or finest are crucial. Similarly, words such as only, always, never before, and all in the choices are typically evidence of a wrong response. As in life, no actual absolutes exist in nursing; however, eincredibly dominance has its exceptions, so answer with treatment. For this question, one option is quickly removed because of the word only.p. 47, 48
A community nurse is schedubrought about provide vaccines to a group of individuals belonging to a specific village. These people tell the nurse that they are willing to take the vaccines only in the presence of the pastor of their church, who has actually gone to an additional village and also will rerotate in a day. In compliance through Leininger"s concept, what need to the nurse do?Explain to the villagers that the vaccinations have the right to be provided safely also in the absence of the pastor. Give the vaccine to the world on the booked day. Listen to the villagers and offer them the vaccines on the next day in the presence of the pastor. Contact the pastor and also ask him to come back, bereason the people from the village require his presence throughout the vaccicountries.
3RationaleThe significant idea of Leininger"s concept is cultural diversity, and also the goal of nursing treatment is to carry out the patient through culturally certain nursing treatment. In this scenario, the nurse need to respect the villagers" faith and listen to them. The nurse have the right to give them the vaccine the next day in the existence of the pastor. The nurse should not try to explain or convince them to take the vaccicountries in the absence of the pastor, bereason it is versus their wishes. The nurse need to comply with the villagers and need to not offer them the vaccines unless they are willing to accept them. Contacting the pastor and asking him to come ago is not an appropriate nursing activity.p. 48
A group of researchers is conducting research on diabetic patients based on Orem"s theory. What is the the majority of probable topic of research?Self-management of insulin Effective nurse-patient communication Pathological process in diabetes Medications for diabetes
1 RationaleOrem"s concept concentrates on the patient"s self-treatment demands. Evidence gained by the research study based on insulin self-administration would aid in facilitating self-treatment in patients via diabetes. Research based upon reliable techniques to boost nurse-patient interaction would be based upon Peplau"s theory. Studies based upon pathological procedures in diabetes would certainly aid to boost the descriptive theories based on diabetes. Research concentrated on drugs for diabetes is beneficial for boosting prescriptive theories.p. 48
Who provided anthropology to form a theory of social care diversity and also universality?Leininger Roy King Orem
1RationaleLeininger supplied her background in anthropology to form her concept of social care diversity and universality. Roy established types of requirements inserted on the patient, assessed adaptation to needs, & assisted the patient via adaptation. King provided communication to aid the patient reestablish positive adaptation to environment.Orem promoted patient treatment & helped the patient fully obtain self-care.p. 48
Which alternative is carefully aligned with Leininger"s theory?Caring for patients from distinctive cultures Understanding the humanistic facets of life Variables affecting a patient"s response to a stressor Caring for patients that cannot adapt to inner and also outside eco-friendly demands
1RationaleLeininger"s concept of transsocial nursing focuses on the patient"s society and the impact of cultural heritage on health and wellness care needs and interventions.p. 48
A patient via diabetes is controlling the condition through insulin and diet. The nursing wellness care provider is focusing initiatives on teaching the patient self-administration. Which nursing theory is helpful in fostering self-management?Neuman"s theory Orem"s theory Roy"s concept Peplau"s theory
2RationaleOrem"s concept of self-care offers a solid theoretical background for self-management for a variety of illness. This theory shows the nurse how to straight the patient toward self-monitoring to promote wellness and/or sustain wellness. STUDY TIP: Have each member of a research team compose what they think is the emphasis of Orem"s, Leininger"s, Peplau"s and also other theories. Compare your responses and also summarize each concept on a notecard for evaluation.p. 48
The nurse is discussing Orem"s nursing theory through a colleague. Which statements about this theory are true? Select all that apply.The goal of nursing treatment is to provide culturally knowledgeable care. Orem"s theory focuses on interpersonal relationships in between the nurse, the patient, and the patient"s family. Orem"s concept concentrates on the patient"s self-treatment requirements. The goal is to aid the patient percreate self-treatment and also manage his or her health troubles. Nursing treatment intends to boost the patient"s capacity to separately meet his or her own needs.
3, 4, 5RationaleOrem"s theory was emerged by Dorothea Orem. The theory focuses on the patient"s self-treatment needs. In this concept, the goal is to assist the patient perdevelop self-treatment and manage his or her own wellness difficulties. According to the concept, the nurse helps the patient to increase the capacity to fulfill his or her requirements separately. The goal of Leininger"s concept is to provide culturally knowledgeable treatment. Peplau"s concept concentrates on interindividual connections in between the nurse, the patient, and the patient"s household. STUDY TIP: Have each member of a study team write what they think is the emphasis of Orem"s, Leininger"s, Peplau"s, and other theories. Compare your responses and summarize each theory on a notecard for review.p. 48
The nurse is using Orem"s theory while transferring care to a patient. According to this concept, what must be the goal of the nursing interventions? Care for and also aid the patient acquire complete self-care. Aid the patient adapt to transforms in physiological requirements. Communicate via the patient to create positive adaptation to the environment. Assist the patient to carry out tasks individually and to get toughness.
1RationaleDifferent theories of nursing have different objectives. Orem"s concept focuses on patient self-treatment needs and its goal is to care for and assist the patient acquire finish self-care. Helping a perboy to adapt to changes in physiological demands is the goal of Roy"s concept. According to King"s theory, the nurse have to use interaction skills to help a patient reestablish positive adaptation to the atmosphere. Henderkid thought that registered nurses should occupational via various other health and wellness care employees to aid the patient to perform tasks separately and also aid to acquire toughness that the patient is doing not have.p. 48
A woguy defines to a registered nurse that she is having ircontinual periods. She is anxious because her grandmommy died of cervical cancer. According to Peplau"s theory, what need to the nurse do? Select all that apply.Discuss the nature of the trouble. Explain the services available. Assistance the patient minimize anxiety. Explain to the patient that she is normal. Prescribe hormonal treatment to the patient.
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1 2 3 RationaleAccording to Peplau"s theory, the nurse deserve to act as a source person, counselor, and also surrogate. As the relationship develops, the nurse and also patient have the right to comment on difficulties and services mutually. As such, the nurse have the right to comment on the nature of the difficulty, explain all the services obtainable, and also therefore aid the patient minimize tension. Having irregular menses is not a normal sign; its cause should be investigated. The registered nurse cannot prescribe hormone treatment to the patient.p. 48
What are the phases of Peplau"s theory? Select all that apply. Orientation Termicountry Proplace Working phase Assumptions
1 2 5 RationalePeplau"s concept claims the prestige of emerging an excellent nurse-patient interindividual connection in caring for a patient. This theory has actually 4 phases consisting of orientation, functioning phase, and also termination. Propositions or presumptions are not phases of Peplau"s concept. These refer to the taken-for-granted statements that define the concepts, interpretations, and also objectives of a nursing theory.p. 48
The nurse is caring for a devout Hindu patient that is vegetarian. The patient was given nonvegetarian food and also is incredibly upset around it. Which of the statements of Leininger"s concept should the nurse use while planning a diet plan for the patient? Select all that apply. The nurse should stabilize the patient or situation. The nurse should serve as a resource perkid, counselor, and surrogate. The nurse demands to understand the patient"s individual needs and also how to respond to them. The nurse need to incorporate the patient"s social legacies, worths, and also beliefs into the treatment arrangement. The nurse should define the benefits of a nonvegetarian diet to the patient.
2 3 4 RationaleLeininger"s theory encounters protecting the traditions and social ideas of the patient. While creating the diet arrangement, the nurse should safely incorporate the patient"s social legacies, values, and ideas. The nurse serving as a source perkid, counselor, and surrogate helps in planning the patient"s diet. Knowing the patient"s individual requirements and also responding to them is a part of nursing treatment and will certainly assist the nurse in planning the patient"s diet. Stabilizing the patient or instance does not assist the nurse setup an appropriate diet. Explaining the benefits of having a non-vegetarian diet is not offering culturally experienced treatment. p. 48
The nurse plans to teach a diabetic patient about self-management of insulin injections so that the patient is able to administer his very own insulin. Which nursing concept many aptly explains this scenario?Henderson"s concept Peplau"s concept Orem"s concept Leininger"s theory
3RationaleThe nurse is cultivating patient self-care by teaching self-administration of insulin. This aids the patient in ending up being more independent in caring for himself. Orem"s theory emphasizes promovement of self-treatment. Henderson"s concept focuses on wellness, health, and illness prevention. Peplau"s concept focuses on developing a therapeutic partnership between the patient and the nurse. Leininger"s theory focuses on giving culturally skilled care.p. 48
A client recently diagnosed with pancreatic cancer tells the nurse, "I don"t see any type of hope for my future." What would be the many correct nursing diagnosis for the nurse to formulate to resolve this health and wellness problem?
Throughout the morning assessment, the client reports to the nurse that the client is enduring a hangover from a sleeping pill. The nurse reviews the Medication Administration Record. Which medication is the majority of likely to cause the client"s complaint?
What is the name of the University of South Florida"s College of Nursing"s initiative "that coalesced all armed forces and veteran-connected programs of the college"?
Depo-provera is a long-acting progesterone that is given as an injection. Can this safely be given to breast-feeding mothers?
Fundamentals of Nursingninth EditionAmy Hall, Anne Griffin Perry, Patricia A Potter, Patricia Stockert
Glencoe Healthfirst Edition
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