A restrictive clause modifies the noun that comes before it in an important way.

You are watching: Which sentences contain a restrictive clause?

Restrictive clauses limit or recognize such nouns and cannot be rerelocated from a sentence without transforming the sentence’s definition. A nonrestrictive clause, on the various other hand, describes a noun in a nonvital method.
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The terminology in this area of grammar deserve to be confutilizing, so let’s obtain that out of the way. Because restrictive clauses carry out vital, identifying indevelopment, they are frequently referred to as crucial clauses, and also nonrestrictive clauses are additionally referred to as nonimportant clauses for the oppowebsite factor. They are both forms of loved one claoffers bereason the indevelopment they administer relates to the topic of one more clausage.

As if that weren’t enough, both attribute as adjective clauses, bereason they explain their noun antecedents.

Aren’t you glad we cleared that up?

Restrictive Clasupplies Narrowhead Things Down

Restrictive clauses are typically introduced by the family member pronouns that, who, whom, or whose. A restrictive clause deserve to have an identifying attribute.


The astronaut who first stepped on the moon was Neil Armstrong.

The restrictive clause in this sentence is that first stepped on the moon. If we stripped it from the sentence, we would certainly be left through this:


The astronaut was Neil Armstrong.

Tbelow is nopoint grammatically wrong with this Spartan sentence. However before, it does not have actually the very same intent as the previous example, which wregarding identify the perkid who first set foot on the moon’s surconfront.

A restrictive clause deserve to likewise have a limiting function.


Children who eat vegetables are likely to be healthy.

If the restrictive clause who eat vegetables were removed from this sentence, the intfinished borders on the noun children would be no more.


Children are most likely to be healthy.

Obviously, our intention with the first sentence wregarding allude out which kids, from among the world’s multitudes, perdevelop a actions likely to sustain their wellness. Hence, that eat vegetables is an essential facet of that sentence.

Nonrestrictive Clasupplies Give Bonus Info

Nonrestrictive clauses carry out added however optional descriptions that can be excised from a sentence without transforming its definition or structure.


Kaylee, that simply graduated from high institution, is an accomplished number skater.

While the nonrestrictive clause who simply graduated from high school uses a great summary of the topic of this sentence, Kaylee, the sentence retains its meaning without it.


Kaylee is an achieved figure skater.

Commas and also Relative Clauses

A broad dominance you have the right to use to relative clasupplies in order to punctuate them properly is that restrictive clauses are never balance out by commas, whereas nonrestrictive clauses are. One way to remember this is that nonrestrictive clauses are removable, and commas note the removable component of the sentence. Restrictive clauses, on the other hand, are essential; they must blfinish via their sentences seamlessly, without commas.


Would you lend me the book, that you recommfinished last week?
Would you lfinish me the book that you recommfinished last week?
Oliver Twist which was Dickens’s second novel is a classical.
Oliver Twist, which was Dickens’s second novel, is a classic.

Deciding in between That and Which

Confusion about when to usage that and which has emerged for great reason: British and also Amerideserve to English have various rules for them. In Amerideserve to English, that is provided to introduce restrictive clauses, and also which introduces nonrestrictive clauses.


The lamp, which was provided to me by Aunt Betsy, is on the bedside table.

The lamp that Aunt Betsy gave me is on the bedside table.

In British English, it is often acceptable to substitute which in restrictive clauses.


The lamp which Aunt Betsy provided me is on the bedside table.

Of course, that might also be offered acceptably in British English, which renders it safer, by default, to follow the Amerideserve to ascendancy when in doubt. It additionally provides it less complicated to decide whether to insert commas, bereason if you follow the American rules, you deserve to remember that commas should not precede that, but they must precede which.

A third alternative for the last example would be to recompose it to omit all family member pronouns. If you can perform that successfully, the clausage is definitely restrictive.


The lamp Aunt Betsy provided me is on the bedside table.

Now that you have taken the time to learn these crucial rules, one point has no restrictions at all: the boundaries of your creating.

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