In this short article we will certainly comment on about:- 1. Summary to Break-Even Analysis 2. Assumptions of Break-Even Analysis 3. Limitations.

Overview to Break-Even Analysis:

Break-even analysis is of necessary prominence in determining the useful application of price func­tions. It is a function of three factors, i.e., sales volume, expense and profit. It aims at classifying the dynamic relationship existing in between total expense and also sale volume of a firm.

Hence it is also known as “cost-volume-profit analysis”. It helps to understand the operating condition that exists when a firm ‘breaks-even’, that is once sales reach a suggest equal to all prices incurred in attaining that level of sales.

Assumptions of Break-Even Analysis:


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The break-also analysis is based on the adhering to collection of assumptions:

(i) The full costs might be classified right into fixed and also variable prices. It ignores semi-variable price.

(ii) The price and revenue functions remajor straight.

(iii) The price of the product is assumed to be consistent.


(iv) The volume of sales and volume of production are equal.

(v) The solved expenses remain consistent over the volume under consideration.

(vi) It assumes constant rate of boost in variable price.

(vii) It assumes constant innovation and no innovation in work efficiency.


(viii) The price of the product is assumed to be continuous.

(ix) The aspect price stays unaltered.

(x) Changes in input prices are ruled out.

(xi) In the case of multi-product firm, the product mix is steady.

Limitations of Break-Even Analysis:

We might now cite some important limitations which should be maintained in mind while using break-also analysis:

1. In the break-even evaluation, we save everything consistent. The marketing price is assumed to be consistent and also the price attribute is linear. In practice, it will certainly not be so.

2. In the break-even evaluation since we save the feature consistent, we job the future with the assist of past functions. This is not correct.

3. The presumption that the cost-revenue-output connection is direct is true just over a tiny array of output. It is not an reliable tool for long-range usage.

4. Profits are a duty of not only output, yet likewise of various other factors prefer technological change, advancement in the art of administration, and so on, which have been overlooked in this evaluation.


5. When break-also evaluation is based upon accounting data, as it normally happens, it may experience from various restrictions of such data as disregard of imputed prices, arbitrary depreciation estimates and also incorrect alarea of overheads. It can be sound and advantageous just if the firm in question maintains a great accountancy mechanism.

6. Selling costs are specially challenging to manage break-also evaluation. This is bereason changes in offering costs are a cause and not a result of changes in output and sales.

7. The basic form of a break-even chart provides no provisions for taxes, particularly corpoprice revenue tax.

8. It usually assumes that the price of the output is offered . In various other words, it assumes a horizontal demand curve that is realistic under the problems of perfect competition.


9. Matching price through output imposes another limitation on break-also evaluation. Cost in a certain period need not be the outcome of the output in that period.

10. Due to the fact that of so many restrictive presumptions underlying the technique, computation of a break­also suggest is taken into consideration an approximation rather than a truth.




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