I’m always looking for methods to make my Spanish sound even more liquid, natural and also native-sounding.
You are watching: When do you use del in spanish
Luckily for me, there’s one approach of doing this that’s built right right into Spanish grammar: Contractions!
Tright here are only 2 Spanish contractions—al and also del—and also discovering them is an integral component of speaking correct Spanish.
By employing Spanish contractions in your day-to-day speech, you’ll protect against tripping over awkward sentence constructions and also sound even more organic in the process.
The grammar rules behind Spanish contractions are straightforward to learn. In reality, the hardest component of learning these contractions is remembering to usage them in your day-to-day Spanish speech!
In this short article, you’ll learn it all, and you’ll even discover a couple of Spanish sayings that incorporate al and also del to aid you commit this new grammar dominion to memory.
But first, let’s begin through the basics.
Download: This blog write-up is accessible as a convenient and also portable PDF that youhave the right to take anywhere. Click right here to gain a copy. (Download)What’s Up via Al and Del? Learning and Using Spanish Contractions
What Are the Spanish Contractions?
The Spanish language has two contractions: al and del.
Al is a contractivity of the 2 Spanish words a and also el, and deserve to mean many things, such as “at the” or “to the.”
Del is a contraction of the words de and also el. It deserve to mean “from the” and also “of the,” among various other things.
In English, contractions are optional. For example, in English you can create “carry out not,” and also it’s every little bit as grammatically correct as “don’t.” In Spanish, this isn’t the case. If you have the words a and also el or de and also el next to each various other, you must contract them. Saying voy a ir a el parque (I am going to the park), for example, is grammatically incorrect.
Note that contractions only take place through the write-up el. You’ll never before see a contraction via the various other articles: la, los and las.
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When Not to Form a Contraction
Remember 2 sentences back as soon as I said that contracting a+el and de+el is obligatory? Well… let’s ago up a second. Tright here are two necessary exceptions to store in mind.
First off, don’t create a contraction if the el is component of a correct noun, such as a city name or book title. Many type of cities and also communities in the Spanish-speaking world—and also also some countries—begin via articles. Take, for instance, the Argentinian town El Chalten.
Vamos a ir al Chalten. Vamos a ir a El Chalten. We’re going to go to El Chalten.
The same happens via book and movie titles that start via el.
Jorge Luis Borges es el autor del “otro.” Jorge Luis Borges es el autor de “El otro.” Jorge Luis Borges is the writer of “The Other.”
The second time that you shouldn’t form a contraction is when you’re dealing with the pronoun él rather than el.
These two little bit words can look equivalent, but that accent mark renders all the distinction. To refresh, el (no accent mark) is an write-up, favor the English word “the,” offered for masculine-gendered nouns. On the other hand, él (via an accent mark) is a pronoun for masculine-gendered people or nouns, favor the English words “he,” “him” or “it.”
You’ll generally view the word él after the prepositions a and de. However, make sure to pay cshed attention to that accent mark and avoid contracting.
Le dí el regalo al. Le dí el regalo a él. I offered the gift to him.
Al le gusta el fútbol. A él le gusta el futbol. He likes soccer.
How to Use Al And Del
It’s all well and also good to know that you must contract a+el and de+el. But what usage is that to you if you don’t actually understand as soon as to use a and also de? We’ll break it down for you here.
When to Use AlTo define motion towards a place
Like the English preposition “to,” use a to describe somebody moving in the direction of a area. When that area happens to begin with the post el, you gain al.
Ella va al cine todos los viernes. She goes to the movie theater eexceptionally Friday.To define location
Use a prefer the English “at” to explain a location.
Te espero al last de la cola. I’ll wait for you at the end of the line.To explain the finish of a period of time
Like the English “to” or “until,” usage a to explain as soon as a duration of time ends. Aobtain, if your finishing point happens to begin through el, use the contractivity al.
Ella va a estar aquí del lunes que viene al viernes siguiente. She’s going to be below from following Monday until the adhering to Friday.To present an indirect object, after specific verbs
Certain verbs in Spanish call for an a after them. After the a comes the instraight object of the sentence. If the indirect object starts via el, you’ll form the contractivity al. One example of such a verb is acercarse a (to approach).
Me acerco al coche. I technique the automobile.The personal a
In Spanish, you have to usage a to present a direct or indirect object if that object happens to be a perchild. There’s no identical to this in English, so it’s a grammar rule that you’ll simply have to learn and also adjust to in Spanish.
Vi a Joaquín en el supermercado. I experienced Joaquín in the superindustry.
Note: There are many kind of other usages of a—such as in time expressions and also prior to infinitive verbs—however because those never complement up through the preplace el, they’re not pertinent to this article. If you want an extra thounstable run-dvery own of as soon as to usage a, click below.
When to usage delTo define possession or ownership
In Spanish, there’s no tantamount to the English possessive ’s. Instead, to express possession, compose the object, followed by de, followed by the owner.
La camiseta del chico The boy’s shirtTo explain origin
When talking around wbelow you or somebody else is from, use de. In some cases, this will certainly need you to use the contractivity del.
Soy del norte de España. I’m from the north of Spain.To talk around the beginning of a duration of time
As proclaimed previously, a demarcates the finish of a duration of time. On the flip side, de deserve to expush the beginning of a period of time.
Ella va a estar aquí del principio de junio a finales de agosto. She’s going to be right here from the start of June until the end of August.To present an instraight object, after certain verbs.
Like via a, the preposition de is occasionally an integral component of verbs. One instance is the verb acordarse de (to remember).
¿Te acuerdas del chico que conocimos en la feria? Do you remember the boy who we met at the fair?
Aacquire, tbelow are many type of provides of de that aren’t extended below bereason they seldom or never revolve right into del. For a much more thostormy leschild on de, click below.
5 Useful Spanish Sayings via Al And Del
Having trouble keeping track of Spanish contractions? I always find that learning some brief, snappy phrases helps me remember new grammar rules. If you memorize these phrases and repeat them to yourself often enough, the grammar aspect will quickly become second nature!
Plus, in the meantime you’ll be discovering new vocabulary and also having actually a fun time trying to understand also Spanish proverbs. Here are a couple of that use al and also del.
Al hambre no hay pan duro.
Literal meaning: To hunger, there’s no stale bcheck out.
Actual meaning: When you’re desperate, you’ll take what you have the right to get also if it isn’t that excellent. Think of the English expression “beggars can’t be choosers.”
Quien quita lo que da al infierno va.
Literal meaning: He that takes what he provides goes to hell.
Actual meaning: This one’s pretty straightforward! If you offer something to somebody, you can’t readjust your mind later on and also decide to take it earlier, or you’ll be taken into consideration a negative perboy.
Lejos de los ojos, lejos del corazón.
Literal meaning: Far from the eyes, much from the heart.
Actual meaning: This one’s equivalent to the English expression “out of sight, out of mind.” It have the right to especially describe a loved one who’s absent and also therefore forobtained.
Del niño el beso y del viejo el consejo.
Literal meaning: From the child a kiss, and also from the old guy advice.
Actual meaning: One of children’s ideal qualities is that they’re unfailingly loving and also caring. On the other hand also, old world are wise. As such, you can gain unconditional love from a young perkid but you have to look for out somebody older and wiser if you truly need advice.
Del dicho al hecho hay un buen trecho.
Literal meaning: From what’s sassist to what’s done there’s a good stretch.
Actual meaning: Just because somebody claims they’ll carry out somepoint doesn’t intend they’ll necessarily follow through on their word. It takes a lot of effort to put what you’ve sassist into activity.
So, the following time you ir al bar (go to the bar) with your Spanish-speaking friends, you can think to yourself:
Me acuerexecute del artículo que leí en lutz-heilmann.info! (I remember the write-up I read on lutz-heilmann.info!)
Spanish contractions aren’t difficult, and also speaking them will make an excellent deal of difference in the fluency and also correctness of your Spanish.
And why not attempt out one of these Spanish sayings while you’re at it?
Download: This blog write-up is easily accessible as a convenient and also portable PDF that youhave the right to take all over. Click here to acquire a copy. (Download)
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