The main difference in between social stratification and social differentiation is that social stratification is the ordered ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, course, education and learning level, and gender while social differentiation is the distinction in between social groups and also persons on the basis of physiological, organic and also sociosocial components.

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Social stratification and also differentiation are 2 principles that explain differences between people in culture. In brief, social differentiation is the primary phenomenon that outcomes in social stratification.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is Social Differentiation – Definition, Characteristics2. What is Social Stratification  – Definition, Characteristics 3. What is the Difference Between Social Stratification and Social Differentiation – Compariboy of Key Differences

Key Terms

Social Differentiation, Social Stratification

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What is Social Differentiation

Social differentiation is the difference between social groups and also persons on the basis of physiological, biological and also sociocultural determinants, such as sex, age and also ethnicity. Social differentiation exits in all cultures and social groups. This is, in truth, the process by which social hierarchy or social stratification starts to build within societies.

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Moreover, inetop quality and power are 2 essential principles in social differentiation. According to the concept of social differentiation, people of various statsupplies have differential access to power. For instance, if we look at a worklocation, an employer has power over his employee. It is this idea of social condition or social meaning that creates social stratification.

What is Social Stratification

Social stratification is the ordered ranking of civilization based upon categories prefer ethnicity, class, occupation, education and learning level, and sex. In other words, it is the emergence of sepaprice classes or strata in the culture. In addition, individuals in higher ranks or those through better social status are more most likely to have actually access to assorted resources and reap more privileges when compared to those in reduced ranks.

All societies have actually a system of stratification. Most western countries have actually social stratification based upon wide range and also earnings. In reality, there are 3 classes in such societies: upper class, middle course and also reduced course. Similarly, primitive cultures possessed their own ordered devices. For instance, ancient India offered a caste system that categorized civilization according to castes whereas feudal societies possessed the 3 main departments of nobility, nobility and also peasants.

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Tbelow are 4 main principles of social stratification:

Social stratification persists over generations.It is universal (exists in every society), however variable (the device of stratification varies throughout time and place)It is a trait of culture, not just a reflection of individual distinctions.Stratification involves inehigh quality and also beliefs and perspectives.

Tbelow are two major kinds of social stratification units as closed units and also open up units. 

Closed systems tend to be incredibly rigid and does not enable alters in social positions. In such devices, social place is based upon ascribed status, or social position you inherit at birth. Moreover, this was watched in many ancient cultures.

Open system, on the various other hand also, permits more change and freedom. In addition, the course system we view in many type of modern-day cultures is an open device. In an open culture, there is a possibility to relocate from one course to an additional based upon one’s success.

Difference Between Social Stratification and also Social Differentiation

Definition

Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories choose ethnicity, course, education and learning level, and sex while social differentiation is the difference in between social teams and also persons on the basis of physiological, biological and also sociocultural determinants.

Nature

Social differentiation is the distinctions between individuals in society or social teams. In comparison, social stratification is the ordered ranking of human being based on social differentiation.

Conclusion

Social stratification is the ordered ranking of people based on categories prefer ethnicity, class, education and learning level, and sex while social differentiation is the distinction in between social groups and also persons on the basis of physiological, biological and also sociosocial factors. Hence, this is is the major distinction in between social stratification and also social differentiation.

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Reference:

1. Livesey, Chris, and also Tony Lawchild. “Stratification and Differentiation .” A2 Sociology for AQA, 2006.2. “Social Stratification: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics: Sociology (2446 Words).” Your Article Library, 10 Dec. 2013, Available right here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Pure Diversity, Mirta Toleperform 1993” By Mirta Toledo – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Indian Caste System” By Giveaway285 – Own job-related (CC BY-SA 4.0) through Commons Wikimedia