Main Difference – Thiamine Mononitrate vs Thiamine Hydrochloride

Thiamine mononitrate and also thiamine hydrochloride are compounds made by adding different groups to thiamine. Thiamine is vitamin B1. As such, Thiamine mononitprice and thiamine hydrochloride are derivatives of vitamin B1. They have various molar masses and also other physical properties depending on their chemical frameworks. The primary distinction between thiamine mononitrate and thiamine hydrochloride is that thiamine mononitprice is non-hygroscopic whereas thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

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Key Areas Covered

1. What is Thiamine Mononitrate – Definition, Properties, and also Uses 2. What is Thiamine Hydrochloride – Definition, Properties, and Uses 3. What is the Difference Between Thiamine Mononitrate and also Thiamine Hydrochloride – Comparichild of Key Differences

Key Terms: Decomposition, Hygroscopic, Thiamine, Thiamine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin B1

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What is Thiamine Mononitrate

Thiamine mononitrate is a fabricated steady nitrate salt create of vitamin B1. Thiamine mononitrate is likewise well-known as vitamin B1 nitprice and has the molecular formula C12H17N5O4S. The molar mass of this compound is about 327.36 g/mol. The IUPAC name of this compound is 3-<(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl>-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium nitprice.


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Figure 1: Chemical Structure of Thiamine Mononitrate


Thiamine mononitrate is ready from thiamine hydrochloride. It is done by removing chloride ion and mixing through nitric acid. Then, a nitrate ion combines through the thiamine molecule. As such, thiamine mononitrate is fabricated. It deserve to reason mild to significant allergies as soon as consumed by humans. This is mostly because tbelow are more impurities in man-made vitamins than in natural ones.

However, low levels of thiamine mononitrate are unmost likely to cause any kind of severe kidney difficulties. But the nitrate teams that are current in thiamine mononitprice molecules may accumulate in the kidneys and also induce kidney stones by forming insoluble nitprice compounds.

Thiamine mononitprice is supplied for the preparation of multivitamin formulations and as a food additive. It is provided as a food additive because it is more stable and also the water absorptivity is low (non-hygroscopic). It is safe to be offered as a food additive or in multivitamin formulations bereason once it is dissolved in water, the nitprice ion is rerelocated and only the thiamine deserve to be took in.


What is Thiamine Hydrochloride

Thiamine hydrochloride is Vitamin B1 hydrochloride which has actually the chemical formula HC12H17ON4SCl2. The molar mass of this compound is about 337.263 g/mol. The IUPAC name given for thiamine hydrochloride is 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.

Thiamine hydrochloride is the hydrochloride develop of thiamine. It is a salt created of a cation and also an anion. Anion is the chloride ion. This compound is obtainable as crystals and has actually a slight odor. It is soluble in water and also creates a clear colormuch less aqueous solution.

When this compound is heated, it decomposes emitting toxic gases such as nitric oxide, sulfur oxide, and so on The decomposition temperature is approximately 250 °C. Thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic. This means it have the right to absorb water once it is kept exposed to the atmosphere.

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This compound is a crucial compound for aerobic metabolism, cell growth, acetylcholine synthesis and also many type of other functions in our body.

Difference Between Thiamine Mononitrate and Thiamine Hydrochloride

Definition

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitrate is a fabricated stable nitrate salt develop of vitamin B1.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is Vitamin B1 hydrochloride.

Chemical Formula

Thiamine Mononitrate: The chemical formula of thiamine mononitprice is C12H17N5O4S.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The chemical formula of thiamine hydrochloride is HC12H17ON4SCl2.

Molar Mass

Thiamine Mononitrate: The molar mass of thiamine mononitprice is about 327.36 g/mol.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The molar mass of thiamine hydrochloride is about 337.263 g/mol.

Hygroscopy

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitprice is non-hygroscopic.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

Anion

Thiamine Mononitrate: The anion current in thiamine mononitprice is nitprice ion.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The anion present in thiamine hydrochloride is chloride ion.

Stability

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitprice is even more secure.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is less steady.

Conclusion

Thiamine is Vitamin B1. Thiamine mononitrate and also thiamine hydrochloride are derivatives of thiamine. They are synthetic vitamins. Thiamine mononitrate is provided as a food additive and as an additive for the preparation of multivitamin formulations too. Although they are derivatives of the very same compound, they have actually distinctions in their properties relying on the chemical framework of compounds. The major difference in between thiamine mononitprice and thiamine hydrochloride is that thiamine mononitprice is non-hygroscopic whereas thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

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References:

1. “Thiamine nitprice.” National Center for Bioinnovation Information. PubChem Compound Database, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Available below. 2. Thatcher, Elizabeth. “The Side Effects of Thiamine Mononitrate.” LIVESTRONG.COM, Leaf Group, 14 Aug. 2017, Available here. 3. “THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE.” National Center for Biomodern technology Information. PubChem Compound Database, UNITED STATE National Library of Medicine, Available below.