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an act of abbreviating; state or result of being abbreviated; reduction in length, duration, and so on.; abridgment; summary: His abbreviation of his well known monograph, an substantial endeavor in itself, made a fantastic advent to the volume of collected esstates of which he was the editor.
a short phrase or decreased develop used to reexisting a bigger, even more complex concept, situation, set of beliefs, etc.: “Freedom of speech” has actually come to be an abbreviation for a riches of debate—and also situation law—about protesters' civil liberties.The artist presented an abbreviation of line, airplane, and curve; she creates breathtaking abstract depictions of bodies you suppose to leap off the canvas and start dancing.
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First recorded in 1400–50; late Center English abbreviacioun from Middle French or directly from Late Latin abbreviātiōn- (stem of abbreviātiō ). See abbreviate, -ion
Abbreviation is the most commonly used term for a shortened or contracted create of a word or expression. Abbreviations of single words are frequently formed utilizing the initially letter or letters of the word ( n. = noun; adj. = adjective ), the first letter and also the last letter ( hr. = hour; Sr. = Senior ), or the a lot of substantial letters ( TNT = trinitrotoluene; Pvt. = Private ). Abbreviations may be virtually as old as composing itself; they allow a writer to save time, area, and also initiative. The cost of materials choose parchment, paper, and ink was another major inspiration to shorten words and also phrases. Even with the development of the printing push, price continued to be essential, and printers looked for means to save space without diluting the message. Many kind of abbreviations have end up being conventional, consisting of abbreviations for days of the week ( Mon., Tues. ) and months of the year ( Jan., Feb. ); common Latin terms ( lb., e.g. ); devices of time and also measurement ( min., ft. ); titles of people ( Mrs., Rev. ); and also titles or names of institutions ( NCAA, UNESCO ), federal government bodies ( SCOTUS, EPA ), and also claims and cities ( Pa., NYC ). The usual practice in American English is to usage a period to finish any type of abbreviation that represents a single word (for example, assoc. or assn. for association ), whereas in British English the period is commonly omitted if the abbreviation has the last letter of the word. For instance, in British creating the word association might be abbreviated as either assoc. or assn (without the period); also, Fr. is an abbreviation for France, while Fr (no period) is the abbreviation for Father (as the title for a priest). Phrases are generally abbreviated by utilizing the first letters or initial sections of each word or each necessary word, usually without any kind of durations. Similarly, a single lengthy word is occasionally abbreviated through the initial letters of component parts of the word. Unprefer ordinary abbreviations for single words, which are practically always read as if the word were spelled out (as by reading “Dr.” as “Doctor” and also “lb.” as “pound”), abbreviations consisting of initials are typically review as written—either letter by letter or as a single word. An abbreviation that is pronounced letter by letter, like FBI for Federal Bureau of Investigation or DOD for Department of Defense or TV for television, is described as an initialism. Many type of abbreviations for phrases, yet, are pronounced as words: for instance, NATO for N(orth) A(tlantic) T(reaty) O(rganization) or radar for ra(dio) d(etecting) a(nd) r(anging). This form of abbreviation is dubbed an acronym. Some acronyms, choose radar, laser, scuba, and Gestapo, have actually become so accepted as normal words that most human being are unaware of their acronymic origins. In many type of cases an main name may be preferred purely to create an correct and catchy acronym, as in the federal "Commercial Advertisement Loudness Mitigation Act" of 2010 (the "CALM Act"). In a loose feeling, initialism deserve to refer to any type of abbreviation written of initials, even if pronounced as a word; conversely, acronym has actually been widely embraced to describe any kind of such abbreviation, even if it is pronounced letter by letter. But the distinction between true acronyms (pronounced as words) and also pure initialisms (shelp letter by letter), is a beneficial one. To complicate the problem, yet, tright here are hybrid forms—part initialism, component acronym—like CD-ROM (
WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH abbreviationabbreviation , acronym, initialism
Words pertained to abbreviation
compendium, clipping, abstraction, compression, abstract, outline, sketch, summary, précis, syllabus, reduction, condensation, synopsis, abridgement, digest, contraction