L>Student Reresource Glossary
Glossary
Chapter 9
ablation Term supplied to define some types of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The lack of urine formation by the kidneys.
benign prostatic hyperplasia An enlargement of the prostate gland also that a lot of often occurs in guys over age 50.
chronic kidney illness The gradual loss of renal feature over months or years.
cystitis An inflammation of the bladder.
cystocele A hernia of the bladder with the vaginal wall; likewise understand as a fallen bladder.
cystolith A stone in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall.
cystoscopy The visual examicountry of the urinary bladder utilizing a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to rerelocate waste products, such as urea, creatinine, as well as excess water from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no much longer feature.
diuresis The boosted output of urine.
end-stage renal disease The final stage of chronic kidney illness.
enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male with epispadias, the urethral opening is located on the top surface of the penis; in the female through epispadias, the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris.
extracorpogenuine shockwave lithotripsy The damage of kidney stones with the usage of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling via water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A form of nephritis brought about by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and also proteins to leak into the urine.
hemodialysis The process by which waste assets are filtered directly from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The swelling of one or both kidneys as the outcome of an obstruction of the flow of urine.
hydroureter The stretching out of a ureter with urine, is led to by a blockage in the ureter that does not enable the urine to flow normally.
hyperproteinuria The presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The visibility of abgenerally low concentrations of protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male through hypospadias, the urethral opening is on the ventral surface of the penis; in the female with hypopadias, the urethra opens up into the vagina.
incontinence The incapacity to regulate the excretion of urine and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation within the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic study of the kidneys and also ureters.
nephrolith A rock situated in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis Describes the presence of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical releasing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic sensible units of each kidney wright here urine is produced through the procedures of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any condition of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, of a kidney into the pelvic location once the patient stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration of the kidney.
nephrostomy The placement of a catheter to preserve an opening from the pelvis of one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A team of conditions in which too much amounts of protein are lost with the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary difficulty resulted in by interference through the normal nerve pathmeans linked via urination.
nocturia Frequent and also extreme urination during the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep; additionally well-known as bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty uricountry.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The surgical removal of a nephrolith through a tiny incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to rerelocate waste from the blood.
polycystic kidney disease aA genetic disorder defined by the development of plenty of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria Excessive urination, and also is a common symptom of diabetes.
prostatism A disorder resulting from the compression, or obstruction, of the urethra as a result of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical repair of the ureter and also renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A surgical incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder through a tiny incision made with the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic condition resulting from renal faitempt in which kidney feature is compromised and urea and also other waste products typically secreted in the urine are preserved in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement of a ureter.
ureterolith A stone situated anywhere along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge of blood from the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing of a ureter.
urethritis An inflammation of the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation of the urethra to adjacent tworry.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A surgical incision into the urethra for relief of a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube right into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimales for diagnostic functions, or to drain urine.
vesicovaginal fistula An abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows constant involuntary flow of urine from the bladder right into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is provided to study the circulation of urine from the bladder and also via the urethra.
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