The process by which axons come to be coated via myelin, a fatty substance that speeds the transmission of nerve impsupplies from neuron to neuron.

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corpus callosumA long, thick band also of nerve fibers that connects the left and also right hemispheres of the brain and enables interaction between them.
lateralizationLiterally, sidedness, referring to the specialization in specific features by each side of the brain, with one side dominant for each activity.
perseverationThe tendency to persevere in, or stick to, one thought or activity for a lengthy time.
amygdalaA tiny brain structure that registers eactivities, especially are afraid and stress.
hippocampusA brain structure that is a main processor of memory, specifically memory for areas.
hypothalamusA brain location that responds to the amygdala and also the hippocampus to create hormones that activate various other parts of the brain and also body.
preoperational intelligencePiaget's term for cognitive development in between the eras of about 2 and 6; it includes language and also creativity (which involve symbolic thought), but logical, operational reasoning is not yet possible.
centrationA characteristic of preoperational believed whereby a young child focuses (centers) on one idea, excluding all others.
egocentrismPiaget's term for young children's tendency to think around the world completely from their own personal perspective.
emphasis on appearanceA characteristic of preoperational thought through which a young child ignores all qualities that are not apparent.
static reasoningA characteristic of preoperational assumed by which a young boy thinks that nopoint changes. Whatever is currently has actually always been and constantly will certainly be.
irreversibilityA characteristic of preoperational believed whereby a young kid thinks that nothing deserve to be undone. A point cannot be restored to the way it was before a change arisen.
conservationThe principle that the amount of a substance remains the exact same.
animismThe belief that herbal objects and also phenomena are alive.
apprtempt in thinkingVygotsky's term for a perboy whose cognition is stimulated and also directed by older and even more experienced members of society.
zamong proximal developmeent (ZPD)Vygotsky's term for the skills--cognitive and also physical--that a perchild have the right to exercise only with assistance, not yet individually.
scaffoldingTemporary assistance that is tailored to a learner's requirements and abilities and aimed at helping the learner understand the following task in a given finding out procedure.
private speechThe inner dialogue that occurs when civilization talk to themselves (either silently or out loud).
social mediationHuman interaction that increases and also advances knowledge, often with words that one person uses to explain something to one more.
theory-theoryThe concept that kids attempt to define every little thing they check out and hear.
theory of mindA person's theory of what various other civilization might be thinking.
fast-mappingThe speedy and periodically imexact way in which youngsters learn new words by tentatively placing them in mental categories according to their regarded interpretation.
overregularizationThe application of rules of grammar also once exceptions take place, making the language seem more "regular" than it actually is.
well balanced bilingualA perboy who is fluent in two languperiods, not favoring one over the various other.
Reggio Emilia approachA well known routine of early-childhood education that originated in the town of Reggio Emilia, Italy; it encourages each child's creative thinking in a carefully designed establishing.
Project Head StartThe most widespreview early-childhood education and learning regimen in the United States, started in 1965 and also funded by the federal federal government.
injury control/harm reductionPractices that are aimed at anticipating, controlling, and also preventing dangerous activities; these techniques reflect the beliefs that crashes are not random and that injuries have the right to be made much less harmful if correct controls are in location.
primary preventionActions that adjust as a whole background problems to proccasion some undesirable occasion or circumstance, such as injury, diesease, or abusage.
second preventionActions that avert injury in a high-risk instance, such as preventing a automobile before it hits a pedestrian or installing traffic lights at dangerous intersections.
tertiary preventionActions, such as immediate and efficient clinical therapy, that are taken after and also adverse event (such as disease, injury, or abuse) occurs and that are aimed at reducing the harm or preventing disability.
boy maltreatmentIntentional injury to or avoidable endangerment of anyone under 18 years of age.
boy abuseDeliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual health.
child neglectFaiattract to satisfy a child's standard physical, educational, or emotional demands.
substantiated maltreatmentHarm or endangerment that has actually been reported, investigated, and showed.
permanency planningAn effort by child-welfare authorities to discover a long-term living instance that will administer stcapacity and support for a maltreated boy.
foster careA legal, publicly supported device in which a maltreated child is rerelocated from the parents' custody and also entrusted to one more adult or household, which is reimbursed for prices incurred in meeting the child's requirements.

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kinship careA develop of foster care in which a family member of the maltreated kid, typically a grandparent, becomes the apshowed caregiver.