1. Strategic Production Planning:
Strategic planning requires deciding and emerging strategic plans to achieve strategic missions (or goals). Top monitoring commonly establishes the strategic plans. These decisions or plans are normally lengthy term decisions, which are having effects for the next five years and over. Lot of risk and uncertainty is affiliated in long term or strategic level planning. Strategic planning demands a via scanning and analysis of exterior environment to look for indevelopment.
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The strategic operations planning decisions include:
1. Technology decisions: Choice of correct modern technology, equipment’s, process choice and level of automation.
2. Capacity decisions: Amount, timing and also type.
3. Facilities decisions: Size, area and specialisations
4. Vertical integration: Direction, level and also balance
The strategic level manufacturing planning is pertained to with decisions, which are having ramifications for the following five to ten years. These decisions are instrumental to the success and better performance of the organization. These decisions influence the competitive positions of the organisation and aid to place the operations strategy of the organisation.
1. Strategic level manufacturing planning helps to attain the objectives in the ideal possible method.
2. It helps to attain the competitive benefits and also to develop core competence.
3. It helps to construct toughness and also eliminate weaknesses to en-cash the easily accessible avenues.
4. It provides direction to expansion and advancement of company.
5. Strategic level planning lays structures for tactical objectives and also operational goals.
6. These planning decisions are instrumental to success or faiattract of the organisation.
7. Strategic decisions are to be taken with much less indevelopment and also additionally in the environment of uncertainty and danger.
8. All the strategic level planning is constantly linked with hazard and also it is provided in some futuristic presumption.
2. Tactical Production Plan:
Tactical planning is done at middle administration level, which greatly entails the reresource acquisitions and utilisations to achieve the organisational objectives. Tactical plans cover shorter time frames and are linked with much less uncertainty and also thus reduced threat as compared to strategic planning.
Tactical level manufacturing planning is a tool term planning. (A planning duration ranging in between 2 to 3 years). Tactical planning is largely came to with deciding especially just how the sources of the organisation will be utilised to accomplish the organisational strategic goals. Tactical planning entails much less uncertainty and thus reduced danger compared to strategic planning. Mainly the planning needs internally generated information.
Tactical planning decisions include:
1. Founding parameters for measuring operational performance and also productivity.
2. Making plans to boost utilisation of existing sources.
3. Prepare devices and manpower planning.
4. Planning for modernization of the facilitates and automation.
5. Specific technology and also tools to boost manufacturing performance or productivity.
6. Prepares work plans for process rearchitecture, approaches advancement and also task design.
7. Make or buy decision.
8. Projections regarding ability requirements for future work assignment and prepare the ability development plans.
9. Planning for tool term maintenance (precautionary and also problem monitoring) to improve the availcapability of manufacturing infrastructure.
Characteristics of Tactical Production Plan:
1. Planning for the tool term ranging in between 2–3 years.
2. Focus is on resolving performance parameters and generating information to compare actual and planned performance and taking steps to minimize gap between planned and also actual.
3. Prepares plans for reliable utilisation of existing sources.
4. Plans to boost equipment availability and all at once performance of the production attribute.
3. Operational Level Production Planning:
The operational planning decisions are taken at the bottom level of administration and also these are regime decisions. These plans are ready to develop actions vital for achieving operational goals. These cover shorter time frame i.e. within a year. No or very much less uncertainty in these plans and also information essential is inner. They are declared in definite quantitative terms and also deserve to be spelt out in terms of time and targets.
The lower level administration establishes operational plans and the planning horizon is (maximum) one year. These plans establish actions that are important to achieve operational goals. These plans are deterministic in the sense that uncertainty is extremely low. The plans are expressed in terms of actions, which deserve to be quantified.
For instance, production plan is an operational level planning offers the details like:
1. What is the task
2. On which machine/equipments it is to be processed (sequence of operations)
3. Who must this job – operator details
4. Starting and also end up times of each job in each of the workstation or machines or framework
5. Quality specifications and also inspection and also test details.
Therefore, the operational manufacturing arrangement provides all the details concerning the handling of the product from raw material phase to finimelted products prepared for dispatch after high quality check and performance experimentation.
Characteristics of Operational Level Production Plans:
1. Plans are definite, and also action oriented.
2. Plans are expressed in terms of parameters, which deserve to be quantified.
3. Plans give the in-depth instructions regarding.
a. What is to be done?
b. Who have to do?
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c. When and also where?
4. The plans are quantified and also are expressed in measurable systems and for this reason compariboy between planned and actual is basic.
5. It helps to monitor the progression of the plan and also take corrective action if necessary to accomplish the tarobtain.