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You are watching: Major problems in american history since 1945

This text presents a closely schosen team of readings—on topics such as the Cold War and Watergate—arranged to allow students to evaluate main sources, test the interpretations of distinguiburned historians, and draw their very own conclusions.
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Robert Griffith, Professor of History at American University, obtained his PhD from the University of Wisconsin, Madichild. A specialist of the history of the United States because 1945, he is the writer of The Politics of Fear: Joseph R. McCarthy and the Senate (1970).Paula Baker is an associate professor of background at the University of Pittsburgh. She received her PhD from Rutgers University. Dr. Baker is the writer of The Mdental Frameworks of Public Life (1991) and also many essays on political background, women's history, and the social sciences.Thomas Paterkid is Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Connectireduced and got his Ph.D. from the College of California, Berkeley in 1968. In enhancement to being the General Editor of Houghton Mifflin's Major Problems series, he is co-author of Major Problems in Amerideserve to Foregime Relations, 5/e, (Houghton Mifflin, 2000) and A People and A Nation, 6/e (Houghton Mifflin, 2001). In enhancement to authoring numerous books and editing collections of essays on the history of UNITED STATE Fopower Relations, he served as senior editor of the four-volume Encyclopedia of Amerihave the right to Foregime Relations (1997). He is part president of the Society for Historians of Amerihave the right to Foregime Relations.


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Table of Contents

Contents1. World War II and also the Origins of Postwar AmericaESSAYSThomas G. Paterchild, The Origins of the Postbattle International SystemAlan Wolfe, The Roots of Postwar PoliticsAlan Brinkley, The Legacies of World War II2. From World War II to the Cold War: The Atomic Bombing of JapanDOCUMENTS1. President Harry S Truman's Advisors Discuss the Atomic Bomb, May 19452. Atomic Scientists Urge an Alternative Course, June 19453. U.S. Science Advisers Endorse Dropping the Bomb, June 19454. Undersecretary of the Navy Ralph Bard Urges Alternatives, June 19455. General Leslie Groves Reports on a Successful Test, July 19456. President Truguy Discusses the Bomb at Potsdam, July 19457. The U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey Concludes That the Bomb Was Unvital, 1946ESSAYSRobert James Maddox, The Biggest Decision: Why We Had to Drop the Atomic BombGar Alperovitz, Hiroshima: Historians Reassess3. The Cold War BeginsDOCUMENTS1. President Harry S Trumale and His Advisers Debate UNITED STATE Policy Toward the U.S.S.R., April 19452. Russian Premier Joseph Stalin Defends Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe, April 19453. Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace Urges a Conciliatory Approach, July 19464. White Housage Aide Clark M. Clifford Summarizes the Case for the Hard Line, September 19465. Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov Reports on the U.S. Drive for World Supremacy, September 19466. The Truman Doctrine, March 19477. Undersecretary of State Dean Achechild Calls for Economic Aid to Europe, May 19478. The President's Advisers Urge Military Expansion,April 19509. President Truman and also His Advisers Determine the United States' Response to the Invasion of South Korea, June 26, 1950ESSAYSJohn Lewis Gaddis, Soviet Unilateralism and also the Origins of the Cold WarThomas G. Paterson, An Exaggerated Threat and also the Rise of American Globalism4. Affluence and also Discontent in the 1950sDOCUMENTS1. Life Magazine Identifies the New Teen-age Market, 19592. Newsweek Decries the Problem of Dangerous Teens, 19553. U.S. News and also World Report Assesses the Peril of Mass Culture and the Evils of Television, 19554. Congress Investigates Homosexuals as Subversives, 19505. Graphic Illustrations of How to Respond to a Nuclear Attack, 1950ESSAYSBeth Bailey, Rebels Without a Cause: Teenagers in the 1950sRoland also Marchand also, Visions of Classlessness5. John F. Kennedy, the Cuban Radvancement, and the Cold WarDOCUMENTS1. Fidel Castro Denounces U.S. Policy Toward Cuba, 19602. President John F. Kennedy Calls for an Alliance for Progress, 19613. A Board of Inquiry Reports on the Bay of Pigs, 19614. President Kennedy and His Advisers Debate Options in the Missile Dilemma, October 16, 19625. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev Appeals to President Kennedy, October 26, 19626. Anastas I. Mikhoyan and Fidel Castro Resee the Situation, November 3–4, 1962ESSAYSThomas G. Paterkid, Spinning Out of Control: Kennedy's War Against Cuba and the Missile CrisisErnest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow, Aftermath6. Lyndon B. Johnboy, the Great Society, and also Amerihave the right to LiberalismDOCUMENTS1. Michael Harrington Describes the "Other America," 19622. President Lyndon B. Johnchild Declares War on Poverty, 19643. President Ronald Reagan Warns of the Dangers of the Welfare State, 19644. A Liberal Cartoonist Worries That Johnson Has Abandoned the Great Society, 19655. Two White House Aides Report the Achievements of the Great Society, 19666. Poverty in America, 1959–1997: A GraphicESSAYSIra Katznelboy, Was the Great Society a Lost Opportunity?Gareth Davies, From Opportunity to Entitlement7 . Martin Luther King, Jr., and also the Struggle for Afrideserve to American EqualityDOCUMENTS1. The New York Times Reports a Murder in Georgia, 19462. Malcolm X Recalls Getting a "Conk," 19643. Brown v. Board of Education, 19544. Franklin McCain Remembers the First Sit-In, 19605. Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream," 19636. Stokley Carmichael Exlevels "Black Power," 19677. A Senate Committee Reports on the FBI's Campaign Against Martin Luther King, Jr., 1976ESSAYSVincent Gordon Harding, King as Disturber of the PeaceThomas J. Sugrue, American's Continuing Racial Crisis8. Vietnam and also the Crisis of American EmpireDOCUMENTS1. The Vietnamese Declare Their Independence, 19452. State Department Advisers Debate U.S. Support for the French in Vietnam, 19493. President Dwight D. Eisenhower Exlevels the Domino Theory, 19544. Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference on Indochina, 19545. Nguyen Tan Thanh, a South Vietnamese Peasant, Exlevels Why He Joined the Vietcong (1961), 19866. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 19647. President Lyndon Johnson's Advisers Debate Expanding the War, 19658. Lieutenant Marion Lee Kempner, a Young Marine, Explains the War, 19669. Wrong, Rambo! A Vietnam Veteran Looks Back, 1985ESSAYSGeorge McT. Kahin, The Cold War and also Amerihave the right to Intervention in VietnamGeorge C. Herring, The Meaning of Vietnam9. The New Left and also the Politics of the 1960sDOCUMENTS1. The Port Huron Statement, 19632. The Sharon Statement, 19603. The Weatherman's Call for Revolution: "You Don't Need a Weathermale to Know Which Way the Wind Blows," 19694. Raymond Mungo Searches for a New Period at Total Loss Farm, 19705. Two Disillusioned Ex-Radicals Bid Good-bye to the Sixties, 19856. Tom Hayden Recalls a Time of Greatness and Wonder, 1988ESSAYSMaurice Issermale and also Michael Kazin, The Contradictory Legacy of the SixtiesRick Perlstein, Who Owns the Sixties10. From the Feminine Mystique to the New FeminismDOCUMENTS1. Betty Friedan on the Problem That Has No Name, 19632. NOW Statement of Purpose, 19663. Feminists Analyze the Welfare System, 19704. Redstocmajesties Manifesto, 19705. A Redbook Magazine Reader Discovers Consciousness-Raising6. Phyllis Schlafly Proclintends the Power of the Confident Woguy, 1977ESSAYSMartha F. Davies, Welfare Rights and also Women's Rights in the 1960sAlice Echols, Women's Liberation and Sixties Radicalism11. Ricdifficult M. Nixon, Watergate, and also the Crisis of the "Imperial" PresidencyDOCUMENTS1. Richard M. Nixon on Being President, 19722. White House Counsel John W. Dean II Presents the "Enemies List," 19713. President Nixon Discusses the Watergate Break-in through Aide H.R. Haldeguy, 19724. Senator Sam J. Ervin on Watergate, 19745. President Nixon's Farewell, 1974ESSAYSJames A. Nuechterlein, Escaping Watergate: A Revisionist View of the Nixon PresidencyStanley I. Kutler, The Inescapability of Watergate12. The Reagan Radvancement and also After: Politics and Political Economy in the New EraDOCUMENTS1. President Jimmy Carter and also the Dilemma of the American Spirit, 19792. Presidential Candidate Ronald Reagan Calls for New Economic Policies, 19803. President George Bush Seeks a Kinder, Gentler Nation, 19894. The Republican "Contract through America," 19945. President Bill Clinton Signs a Bill "To End Welfare as We Kcurrently It," 19966. A Liberal Postmortem on the 1996 Election, 1997ESSAYSThomas Byrne Edsall, The Mobilization of Amerihave the right to BusinessDaniel Yergin and also Joseph Stanisregulation, Democrats and also Republicans Forge a New Political Economy13. The Realm Strikes Back: Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold WarDOCUMENTS1. President Ronald Reagan Denounces the Soviet Union as an "Evil" Realm, 19822. U.S. Military Spfinishing, 1980-1990: A Graphic3. A Congressional Committee Reports on "Irangate," 19874. Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev Charts a New Direction for the U.S.S.R., 19885. The New York Times Announces the End of the Cold War, 19896. President George Bush Proclintends a New World Order, 1990ESSAYSJohn Lewis Gaddis, Ronald Reagan's Cold War VictoryRictough Ned Lebow and also Janet Gross Stein, Reagan and also the RussiansWilliam M. LeoGrande, Reagan and Central America14. Brave New World: The United States and the Global EraESSAYSRobert D. Atkinson and Randolph H. Court, The "New Economy" of the 1990sBenjamin R. Barber, Jihad actually vs. McWorldRonald Takaki, America as a New World "Borderland"Michael Schudboy, A Gathering of Citizens