Salmon is a renowned sushi topping throughout the world, however tright here are actually a large array of kinds. Do you understand the difference? Read on to learn the details about the salmon you always eat.

You are watching: How to say salmon in japanese

Tright here are 8 forms of salmon provided as food in the world

The adhering to are the 8 basic forms of salmon well-known for eating throughout the civilization. However, academically you can say there are 12 forms. In Japanese salmon is referred to as “鮭” (sake/salmon) or “鱒” (masu/trout). The personalities look various, but they are part of the exact same family members and there aren’t clear biological categories to separate them right into. Incidentally, in English the kind that provides their means right into the sea is called “salmon,” and those that reprimary in freshwater their entire lives are known as, “trout.” In this write-up, they are all taken into consideration to be part of the salmon family.

King salmon

Chum salmon

Pink salmon

Silver salmon

Red salmon

Cherry salmon

Atlantic salmon

Rainbow trout

Let’s look a little closer at the 8 forms of salmon

King salmon (Also dubbed Chinook salmon or Spring salmon)

Japanese: Masunosuke. This is the biggest of the salmon family members. It is uncovered over a wide area, largely in north parts of the Pacific Ocean such as Alaska and the Okhotsk Sea, northern Japan Sea. They don’t swim upstream in Japan’s rivers, however a small number are fished along the Pacific coast of Hokkaiperform while moving. They are additionally farmed in the US, Canada, Australia, Chile, etc.

Chum salmon (Also dubbed Dog salmon)

Japanese: Shirozake (Sake). This is what civilization describe as soon as they mention salmon in Japan. Even among Japanese, opinions differ about the pronunciation of Salmon. These are the two fundamental ways: “sake” and “shake”. “Sake” is more commonly provided, however “shake” is likewise not a mistake. They move from Okhotsk, Kamchatka and the Bering Sea to the Gulf of Alaska, spfinish 3-5 years in the north Pacific Ocean, then return to Japan’s rivers. This describes the Akiaji or Akisake (chum salmon) that pertained to the Tohoku and also Hokkaicarry out seaside regions throughout the spawning seaboy, which spans from September to November.

About the many kind of names for “Chum salmon”

Chum salmon might be referred to as other names relying on when it was recorded, just how mature the body is, and taste. Young salmon born in Russian rivers, that are someexactly how combined in with the salmon returning to Japan to spawn are dubbed “Keiji”. Chum salmon recorded between Spring and also Summer during represent migration is dubbed “Tokishirazu”, which means ‘unmindful of time’, or just Toki. On the other hand also, Chum salmon, that are returning to the coast and are preparing to generate are referred to as “Mejika” and also, the Chum salmon gathered roughly river outlets who are around to generate are called “Akiaji” or “Buna” which means ‘beech–as in the tree’ and also Chum salmon that has already spawned is dubbed “Hocchare”.

About Change in Appearance and Quality Chum salmon

Chum salmon migrating in the ocean (Keiji, Tokishirazu, Mejika, etc.) are collectively called “Ginke” and both males and also females are a shiny silver shade. The roe of the Ginke is a sticky yellow, comparable to chicken eggs. The egg membrane is removed from this to make the “Ikura” or salmon roe provided as a sushi topping. The Ginke also has a relatively gentle challenge. Migrating Sakuramasu and Masunosuke additionally have the same sort of silver body.

Meanwhile, Chum Salmon gathered at river outlets (Akiaji, Buna, and so on.) are greatly displayed nuptial coloration (this is the red-purple and block coloring referred to as Bunake or Buna), and also the snout of the males begin to curve. As the female ideologies her spawning time, the black stripes on her sides from the head to the tail really begin to stand out. When the Chum salmon drinks river water, the taste starts to decrease rapidly. Fully matured roe of the ‘buna’ rank of Chum salmon have actually a tough surconfront favor a ping pong ball simply prior to hatching so it doesn’t burst conveniently in the mouth and also the flavor is watered down, so they aren’t suitable to eat. In other words, the roe of the salmon that have already swum upstream is not suitable for making sushi. The name ‘buna’ comes from the shade of the body of salmon, which is comparable to the shade of the bark of a beech tree.

Due to the selection in the color of the meat at sectors, even among the very same buna, there are even more thorough categories.A Buna: Salmon that are 15 to 30 days ameans from spawning and captured at the river outlet. The body surchallenge is a silvery-white shade, however some of the nuptial colorings starts to appear.B Buna – Salmon that has actually simply started to swim upstream. The nuptial coloring is gaining a bit more powerful.C Buna – The flavor has actually decreased a lot by this allude, so this is the lowest grade of salmon at a market. The nuptial colors are strong and also babsence stripes are obvious on the body.

Pink salmon (Also called Humpago salmon)

Japanese: Karafutomasu. These fish are distributed extensively from The golden state to Alaska, the Oriental peninsula and also Hokkaiexecute. In Japan, they primarily swim upstream in the rivers around the Okhotsk Sea and also Nemuro Channel. As a food, the body is soft and it is often canned.

Silver salmon (Also dubbed Coho salmon)

Japanese: Ginzake. Wild Silver salmon inhabit the Northern Pacific sea areas and also don’t swim upstream in Japan’s rivers. Many of the Silver salmon currently in circulation has actually a secure supply from aquaculture. They are mostly offered for handling and also the price is a little bit reduced.

Red salmon (Also dubbed Sockeye Salmon or Kockanee)

Japanese: Benizake. Red salmon are spread throughout the north Pacific Ocean, Okhotsk Sea and also the Bering Sea. Tbelow are no wild Red salmon born naturally in Japan’s rivers. They are the very same in that they are born in rivers, flourish in the sea, then go back to the river, however a distinct characteristic is that they spfinish years in a lake they come throughout partway with the river. Because of this, in order to breed Red salmon, there need to be a lake on their upstream route. The aquaculture hasn’t been establiburned for this type, so they are all wild. They are mainly provided in canned, frozen, or salted fish. They are additionally deliciously smoked.

Atlantic salmon (Also dubbed Black salmon)


Japanese: Taiseiyosake. Natural Atlantic salmon are commonly spread about the North Atlantic and also its tributaries. Fequipped Atlantic salmon are chilled from their locales, then distributed by air. They are never frozen, so they have actually a reasonably nice texture and they are identified by the fat content and also delicious-looking color. It is the most expensive form of fequipped salmon. They are additionally the first fish fequipped in seawater in Europe.

Rainbow trout (Also referred to as Steelhead)

Japanese: Nijimasu. Rainbow trout is native to the streams of the west coast of North America. They are called for the wide vertical shiny, rainbow stripe on the side of their bodies. Salmon that are little and always stay in streams are dubbed Rainbow trout. The larger type that stays in the sea, spawns in rivers, and has a babsence note on the peak of their heads are referred to as Steelhead. The two names present that they were thneed to be various fish. In Japan, they are mainly fequipped in freshwater.

Salmon trout

This is a mix of the Rainbow trout that descend to the sea and the Rainbow trout that live their entire resides in freshwater, and also are fequipped in seawater. Usually, they are dispersed frozen, as filallows. This is the form that is simply referred to as, “salmon” at conveyor belt sushi restaurants. Production is secure, they are cheap and taste great. They are defined by not having actually the solid odor that salmon is well-known to have actually. The product is likewise called Trout salmon.

Main forms of salmon provided in sushi throughout the world

Ala lot of all of the salmon provided as a topping at sushi restaurants throughout the civilization are Salmon trout fequipped in the sea in Chile, Norway, and so on, or Atlantic salmon farmed in the seas in Norway, Australia, and so on.

Key forms of salmon offered in sushi in Japan

In the first area, salmon is a sushi topping that isn’t used as a normal nigiri topping at sushi restaurants in Japan (watch here for the reason). However before, lately, at conveyor belt sushi, it has end up being the a lot of popular topping by far. The beautiful coloring and also the soft fatty texture suit the taste of world this day. These are greatly Salmon trout and also Atlantic salmon. However before, in Japan, it is thought about to be a specifical conveyor belt sushi topping and also there are still very few Edo-style sushi restaurants that serve sushi via Salmon trout or Atlantic salmon toppings.

However you will discover some top-grade sushi restaurants that serve rare salmon sushi toppings such as Masunosuke, Tokishirazu, Keiji and also Sakuramasu captured throughout migration off the shores of Hokkaido, and so on. Be careful as soon as ordering salmon sushi in high-finish sushi restaurants. One reason is that it’s likely they don’t stock such a point (definition Salmon trout and/or Atlantic salmon), and also don’t forgain that some older chefs might be annoyed at such an order.

Let’s additionally take a look at some rare kinds of salmon

Masunosuke (鱒の介)

The Japanese “Masunosuke,” refers to King salmon. This is the largest of salmon with especially high-fat content and also it is definitely the king of salmon when it concerns taste also. There are just a few easily accessible for fishing along the coastline of Hokkaiexecute, and so on. and also they are very expensive. The optimal season is from spring to early on summer. The photo on the ideal is masunosuke sushi.

Tokishirazu (時不知 or 時鮭)

The Japanese “Tokishirazu” refers to Chum salmon. Tokishirazu is salmon captured from spring to the beginning of summer. They are the same chum salmon uncovered in the loss, yet considering that they aren’t caught in the time of the spawning seaboy, the fish don’t have eggs or milt, and instead have actually a high-fat content. The name “Tokishirazu” stems from the truth that these fish are caught out of seachild, in summer and also the name means ”ignorant of time”. The photo on the appropriate is tokishirazu sushi.

Keiji (鮭児)

The Japanese “Keiji” describes Chum salmon. Keiji is young salmon through immature ovaries or testes. Only 1-2 Keiji are found in a normal capture of 10,000 salmon. Regular salmon fat content is 2-15% but the Keiji has actually a really high body fat portion at 20-30%. Keiji is uncovered combined in with the chum salmon, recorded in the resolved shore nets for fishing points favor Shiretoko and also Abashiri, so the salmon swimming upstream in the Russian rivers are shelp to have actually “strayed off course”. Keiji is a fish weighing up to just about 4 kg. The price array is between 500 and 2.000 US dollars per fish. The photo on the ideal is keiji sushi.

Sakuramasu (桜鱒)


Sakuramasu is an endemic species to Japan, so the English name is a direct transliteration of the Japanese pronunciation. They are captured in the rivers close to the estuaries once swimming upstream. Generally they spfinish a year and a half in the rivers then descfinish to the sea in the spring. After migrating in the ocean for a year, they return to their house river to swim upstream the next spring. In contrast, the kind that stays in the river without descfinishing into the sea is dubbed Yamame. The taste is supreme once eaten raw, however tright here is a danger of parasites so they are frozen immediately after capturing, simply in situation, and also then provided as a sushi topping after a certain amount of time has passed. It has a solid umami flavor and also a perfect sweetness. The peak seaboy is spring. The image on the appropriate is sakuramasu sushi.

Mejika (目近)

Chum salmon that have come earlier for spawning and are caught in a fixed shore net around 25 to 60 days amethod from spawning. They are caught along with Akiaji, yet the area in between the eyes and the snout is narrow so it is dubbed Mejika (close to to the eyes). There is more fatty meat than Akiaji and also it isn’t recorded in as high volume so the price is higher. Mejika expenses about double what Akiaji expenses.

 Is salmon a red fish? Or is it a white fish?

The characteristic orange-red color of salmon meat comes from carotenoid fat-soluble pigments, particularly astaxanthin. The components of these pigments are the exact same as the red coloring in the shells of shrimps and crabs. In the situation of shrimps and crabs, in some instances, the red coloring isn’t obvious till protein combines via the pigment components via heat, however these pigment components are the exact same as those that give salmon meat the red color.

Astaxanthin is chemically fairly stable and if components that promote oxidation are produced, astaxanthin quickly avoids oxidation from progressing.

Salmon returning to their home river for spawning soptimal eating. As preparation for spawning, their nuptial colors show up on the body surchallenge and the shirozake body starts to change (male snouts curve, females gain babsence stripes, and so on.). In Japanese, this is dubbed the “buna (ブナ)” phase. The meat quality of shirozake in the buna phase drops quickly. Astaxanthin in the muscle is used to generate the nuptial coloring. On the other hand, shirozake that wander around their home river in the time of the non-spawning periods are dubbed “tokishirazu”. The reason the tokishirazu meat is so delicious is likely bereason the fish’s body is not preparing for spawning and so the meat hasn’t deteriorated.

Salmon climb upriver for spawning. The harsh journey needs a lot of power, but energetic oxygen is generated at the same time. When energetic oxygen is produced in excess, the salmon tires during the journey and also is unable to complete climbing the river. This is why they keep ample quantities of astaxanthin, which has actually strong antioxidant effects, in the muscles, and also remove the energetic oxygen in their effort to reach the final location. Salmon that have got to the last location following transfer the astaxanthin stored in their muscles to the roe. This is to protect the eggs, which are laid in shpermit waters that are bombarded with bright ultraviolet rays, from hereditary disorders and lipid oxidation.

Incidentally, the antioxidative task of astaxanthin against active oxygen is said to be 6,000 times that of vitamin C and also 800 times that of coenzyme q10, while the antioxidative task versus lipid oxidation is said to be 1,000 times that of vitamin E.

When carotenoid pigment is rerelocated from the muscular substance of salmon, the meat does not show up as a dark red color. The dark red shade of the meat of tuna and bonito is from the high content of the pigment myoglobin in the meat. Because of this, these are called red fish. On the other hand, sea bream and also flatfish, which perform not contain high quantities of myoglobin, are referred to as white fish.

The question of whether salmon is a red fish or a white fish, based upon the low content of myoglobin in the muscle, is considered to be a white fish. However, salmon muscle does contain high quantities of creatine and anserine, and likewise often tends to have actually high levels of histidine. These tendencies are mostly consistent with red fish, and also salmon shows facets prevalent in red fish. This renders it an overwhelming fish to classify.

However, as a sushi topping, it is classified as a white fish.

See more: How To Buy Plus Size Corset Tops To Wear With Jeans ? We Discovered The Most Divine Plus


So what did you think? To put it ssuggest, these are the just kinds of salmon offered for sushi. Salmon trout and also Atlantic salmon are provided in things favor California rolls, so you have more than likely eaten them prior to. But if you watch a rare topping such as Masunosuke, Tokishirazu, Keiji, or Sakuramasu in the topping situation, don’t hesitate to order. I’m certain you will certainly be moved by the way the Edo-style sushi brings out the maximum umami of the fat, without killing the flavor of the wild salmon. Just for your recommendation.