Japanese likes and dislikes are actually na-adjectives. This is different from what we have learned in English wright here both "likes" and "dislikes" are verbs.

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The Japanese word for "like" is 好き (suki) and also the one for "dislike" is 嫌い (kirai).


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At this moment, try staying clear of utilizing them to expush your feelings towards people because suki and also kirai deserve to expect "love" and "hate" respectively when you say that to a perkid.

Only use them in the direction of world once you have actually a great grasp of the language.


So how execute you usage Japanese likes and dislikes to express your feelings in the direction of somepoint in a Japanese sentence?

Sentence Patterns

It"s finest to learn by memorizing the sentence fads. Take a look at the adhering to patterns...


Subject は Noun すきですSubject wa Noun ga suki desuMeaning: Subject likes Noun.

Subject は Noun きらいですSubject wa Noun ga kirai desuMeaning: Subject dislikes/hates Noun.


Take note that since すき (suki) and きらい (kirai) are adjectives, particle が (ga) is supplied in the expressions. So utilizing some examples...

わたしはねこすきです。watashi wa neko ga suki desuMeaning: I like cat.わたしわいぬきらいです。watashi wa inu ga kirai desuMeaning: I dislike dog.

Since Japanese likes and dislikes are na-adjectives, you should include "ではありません" (dewa arimasen) at the end in order to create the negative create, simply prefer...


すきではありませんsuki dewa arimasenMeaning: do not like.

きらいではありませんkirai dewa arimasenMeaning: don"t dislike.


Yes/No Questions in Japanese Like and also Disfavor Sentences

It"s basic to rotate the Japanese favor and also dislike sentences right into inquiries by including the pshort article か (ka) at the end, such as...

あなたはねこがすきです。anata wa neko ga suki desu kaMeaning: Do you favor cat?

You need to answer yes or no in this form of question.

はい、わたしはねこがすきです。hai, watashi wa neko ga suki desuMeaning: Yes, I choose cat. いいえ、わたしはねこ が すきではありません。iie, watashi wa neko ga wa suki dewa arimasenMeaning: No, I do not favor cat.

When answering "no" to a yes/no question, always remember to readjust the pwrite-up が (ga) to は (wa). Please do not forobtain this grammar ascendancy.


Using どんな (donna) to Ask Questions

If you want to ask questions like "What Noun carry out you like?" or "What type of Noun perform you like?", use the question word どんな (donna).

For example, if you want to ask someone "What dish does he like?" or "What sort of dish does he like?...

Question: どんなりょうりがすきですか。 (donna ryouri ga suki desu ka)Answer 1: にほんりょうりがすきです。 (nihon ryouri ga suki desu)Meaning: I choose Japanese dish. (offering one certain name)Answer 2: あまいりょうりがすきです。 (amai ryouri ga suki desu)Meaning: I prefer sweet dish. (describing the category through adjective)

Asking for Precommendation Using the Adjective いい (ii)

Other than concerns for Japanese likes and dislikes, if you wish to ask someone for his/her choice, usage the i-adjective いい (ii) instead.

See the following expression...


Using an example to display the expression...

Question: ペンはどれがいいですか。 (pen wa dore ga ii desu ka)Answer 1: ペンはこれがいいです。 (pen wa kore ga ii desu)Answer 2: ペンはこのあかいペンがいいです。 (pen wa kono akai pen ga ii desu)Meaning:Question: Which pen do you prefer?Answer 1: I like this pen.Answer 2: I choose this red pen.

When tbelow are just 3 or 4 choices, usage the question word どれ (dore). When there more than 4 choices usage the question word なに (nani).

Question: ばんごはんはなにがいいですか。bangohan wa nani ga ii desu kaMeaning: What dishes do you favor for dinner?

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