Knowing also a few Spanish phrases is really helpful if you’re discovering Spanish or planning to visit a Spanish-speaking nation. Even even more so if you’re living in such a country.
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There are lots of excellent factors to learn Spanish, and if you desire to spfinish any type of size of time in regions where Spanish is spoken, right here are some really valuable Spanish words and phrases that can help you make the many of your visit.
How to Say “Good Morning” in Spanish
“The morning” in Spanish is la mañana, but if you desire to wish someone a good morning you need to say buenos días, which literally means ‘good days" (note the plural). You"ll never before hear someone wish you a ‘buena mañana" – do not ask me why.
If you’re into Spanish grammar, note that día is one of the rare Spanish words that ends in an ‘-a" however is masculine, so it"s buenos días, not buenas días.
How to Say “Goodnight” in Spanish
Like with buenos días, to wish someone goodnight in Spanish you have to say it in the plural: buenas noches. Similarly, “good evening” is buenas tardes.
In English we generally don"t say “goodnight” as a greeting; it"s more regularly used when you or the perchild you"re talking to are around to go to bed. Spanish is not choose this – buenas noches deserve to be supplied as a greeting and a farewell, provided it"s the ideal time of day.
So when"s the right time of day to usage buenas noches? Spanish doesn"t really differentiate between the ‘afternoon" and also the ‘evening" in the exact same means that English does; there"s just the tarde, which starts at noon, and the noche, the night. Usually you"d say buenas tardes from midday till suncollection, at which suggest you"d begin saying buenas noches.
How to Say “Hello” in Spanish
We"ve covered “excellent morning” and “goodnight”, yet we mustn"t forgain the many basic Spanish greeting of them all: hola, which implies “hello”.
Hola, of course, deserve to be sassist at any type of time of day, and it"s by far the most widespread way of greeting someone in Spanish.
How to Say “I Love You” in Spanish
Spanish has two main methods of saying “I love you”.
The more widespread one is te quiero, which literally implies “I desire you”, yet is used in many type of of the exact same ways we"d say “love” in English – e.g. talking to your boyfriend or girlfrifinish or to your family.
The more literal translation of “love” is amar. Te amo means much even more major feelings than those conveyed by te quiero. If you"re describing non-romantic love, e.g. for a family member, you have to stick with ‘te quiero".
How to Say “Happy Birthday” in Spanish
A birthday in Spanish is a cumpleaños, a combination of the words año, interpretation “year”, and also cumplir, which, among many kind of other possible translations, can expect “to turn”, as in “to revolve X years old”. On your fifth cumpleaños, you cumples cinco años (revolve five). And to wish someone a happy birthday, you say feliz cumpleaños.
What about the song ”Happy Birthday”? Naturally, there"s a Spanish version that supplies the same melody – however different Spanish-speaking nations actually have actually their very own versions of the lyrics. For instance, here"s the variation you"re the majority of likely to hear in Spain:
Cumpleaños feliz,cumpleaños feliz,te deseamos (name),cumpleaños feliz.
And there are many kind of more versions.
How to Say “Thank you” in Spanish
To give thanks to someone in Spanish, ssuggest say gracias.
If you"re feeling particularly grateful, you have the right to add focus through muchas actually gracias or also muchísimas gracias. The verb ‘to thank" deserve to be translated as dar gracias (to offer thanks).
How to Say “You"re Welcome” in Spanish
In English we have numerous ways of saying “you"re welcome”, and also Spanish is no various. When you say gracias to somebody, probably the the majority of prevalent response you"ll hear is de nada (“it’s nothing”), however you could also hear mucho gusto (“my pleasure”), no hay de qué (“not at all!”), or las que tú tienes.
Despite what TV and movies can have actually made you believe, “no problem” in Spanish is not no problemo! Problemo isn"t also a actual Spanish word (it"s problema), but also if it was, no problemo still wouldn"t work because you can"t stick no prior to a noun like that. If you really desire to literally say ‘no problem", say no hay problema, sin problemas, or ningún problema.
How to Say “How Are You?” in Spanish
A common way to say “how are you?” in Spanish is ¿qué tal?, which might likewise be interpreted as “what"s up?” or “how are things?”
An different is ¿cómo estás?, or ¿cómo está? – the last being even more formal because it suggests you"re addressing the various other perchild as usted quite than tú.
When someone asks you ¿qué tal? or cómo estás, you deserve to sindicate reply with bien to let them recognize you"re okay.
How to Say “I Miss You” in Spanish
There are two common methods to say “I miss out on you” in Spanish: te extraño and also te echo de menos. The previous is mostly more prevalent in Latin America, while the last is more widespread in Spain, although either would more than likely be construed in both areas.
How to Say “Yes” in Spanish
“Yes” in Spanish is sí, although Spanish speakers have actually a propensity to say it over and over aobtain in rapid-fire once they can have just sassist it once: ¡sísísísísísí!.
Make certain you compose sí with the accent as soon as you intend ‘yes". Si without an accent is pronounced the exact same way, yet implies “if”.
How to Say “Tomorrow” in Spanish
Mañana, stated earlier, suggests both “tomorrow” and also “morning”. This sounds prefer it could get confusing, however it"s nearly constantly clear from the context which one is expected.
If you want to say “tomorrow morning”, don"t say mañana mañana! The correct translation is mañana por la mañana (tomorrow in the morning).
How to Say “Why” in Spanish
To ask someone ‘why" in Spanish, say ¿por qué? – literally “for what?”
To respond to ¿por qué?, you can need the word porque, which suggests “because”. They look and also sound similar, but note that porque is stressed on the initially syllable, while ¿por qué? has actually more stress and anxiety on the second word. (There"s additionally the noun el porqué, which implies “the reason”.)
A fun bit expression you can discover handy is porque sí, which literally indicates “bereason yes”. Porque sí is something you might say when someone asks you a question with ¿por qué? but you do not want to provide a real explacountry. It"s the identical to responding to a “why?” question in English through the single word “because!” – it"s a humorous method of answering without actually answering.
Numbers in Spanish
To grasp numbers in Spanish, initially you have to learn how to count to twenty:0 – cero1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez11 – once12 – doze13 – trece14 – catorce15 – quince16 – dieciséis17 – diecisiete18 – dieciocho19 – diecinueve20 – veinte
(Keep in mind that 16-19 are specifically simple to remember bereason they"re simply developed by combining diez, ten, and also a smaller sized number.)
Next you have to learn the continuing to be multiples of ten:30 – treinta40 – cuarenta50 – cincuenta60 – sesenta70 – setenta80 – ochenta90 – noventa100 – cien
To fill in the gaps, simply observe some examples and also the pattern must be obvious:21 – veintiuno22 – veintidós23 – veintitrés31 – treinta y uno41 – cuarenta y uno57 – cincuenta y siete58 – cincuenta y ocho59 – cincuenta y nueve
When it pertains to really significant numbers, note that Spanish uses the long scale naming device, interpretation that while a “billion” in English has actually nine zeroes on the finish (which Spanish speakers call sindicate mil millones, a thousand millions), a billón in Spanish has twelve zeroes (what English speakers call a “trillion”).
On the subject of significant numbers, in English we frequently write them with a comma eincredibly 3 digits to aid readcapacity, e.g. “1,000,000”, but in Spanish you usage a full stop (that’s a “period” for the Amerideserve to readers) for the very same purpose: “1.000.000”. Similarly, in Spanish you use a comma for the decimal point, so e.g. the number that we create as “1,499.99” would certainly typically be composed as “1.499,99” in many Spanish-speaking countries.
Days of the Week in Spanish
The days of the week in Spanish are simply:Monday – lunesTuesday – martesWednesday – miércolesThursday – juevesFriday – viernesSaturday – sábadoSunday – domingo
Remember that in Spanish, unfavor in English, days of the week are not created with a resources letter.
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Months in SpanishJanuary – eneroFebruary – febreroMarch – marzoApril – abrilMay – mayoJune – junioJuly – julioAugust – agostoSeptember – septiembreOctober – octubreNovember – noviembreDecember – diciembre
Like days of the week, month names in Spanish are additionally not capitalised.
Colours in Spanish
Like English, Spanish has an huge number of words for various colours, consisting of obscure and fancy words (azure, fuschia) that almost never obtain supplied. Here are the many vital ones you need to know:blue – azulyellow – amarillored – rojoovariety – anaranjadowhite – blancobabsence – negrobrvery own – marróngreen – verdegrey – gris