Subjects and also Predicates

Parts of speech haveparticular work to perdevelop when they are put together in a sentence.

You are watching: A group of words that expresses a complete thought

A nounor pronoun attributes as the sentence subject once itis paired with a verb functioning as the sentence predicate.

Eexceptionally sentence has actually a subjectand also predicate.

A subject have the right to be anounor pronoun that is partnered with an action verb.



Sometimes a verb willexpush being or existence instead of activity.



Sometimes we usesentences in which a topic is not actually stated, but is,neverthemuch less, understood in the interpretation.



A sentence favor this offers an order or a repursuit to someone.


Due to the fact that we use suchstatements as soon as we are talking straight to someone, we omit the word you.It is understood in the sentence. As such, in statementsprefer this one, we say the subject is

you (understood).

This kind of sentence isan imperative sentence.

A predicate is a verb that expresses the subject"s activity or state of being.



Sometimes the predicatewill be written of two or 3 verbs that fit together - the mainverb preceded by one or more auxiliary (helping) verbs.


IMPORTANT NOTE: Tobe a predicate, a verb that ends in -ing must ALWAYShave a helping verb with it. An -ing verb WITHOUT a helpingverb cannot be a predicate in a sentence.

A subject and predicatemight not constantly appear together or in the normal order, as the adhering to examplesshow:





A phrase is agroup of connected words that

1. does not express a finish thought

2. does not have a topic and also predicate pair

One type of expression isa prepositionalphrase.



Anvarious other sort ofphrase is a verbal phrase.



Even though these phrasescontain nouns (pronouns) and/or verb creates, none of the nouns/pronouns/verbs aretopics or predicates. None of them job-related as a partnership.

Also, these phrasescarry out NOT expush complete thoughts.


Words and also phrases deserve to beput together to make clauses.

A clause isa team of connected words that contain a subject and predicate.

Keep in mind the differencein between phrases and also claprovides in the complying with examples:


Only one of the clauses is a sentence.

Clausage #1 offers a thoughtor an concept that is COMPLETE, that deserve to stand by itself, independent ofother words.

However before, clausage #2 givesan INCOMPLETE thought or idea, one that cannot stand by itself, one thatdemands some more words to make it whole. Words after alters themeaning, making the assumed infinish. After analysis this clausage, we are lefthanging.


These 2 clausesshow the 2 kinds of clauses:

independent clauses and also dependent clauses

An independent clause is a team of words that consists of a subject, a predicate, and a completeassumed.

A dependent clause is a group of words that has a topic and a predicate, however does NOTexpress a finish believed.

Compounding Sentence Elements

Words, phrases, and also claoffers might be joined to one an additional inside a sentence with a conjunction.The coordinating conjunctions and also, but,or, and nor might sign up with topics, predicates, adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases or dependent claoffers within a sentence. This process is referred to as "compounding."The adhering to examples present the process of compounding







When entire independent clasupplies (easy sentences) are joined this method, they becomecompound sentences.

Avoiding Fragments

A finish sentenceneeds only two elements:

a subject - predicate unit AND afinish thought

In various other words, a simplesentence is actually the SAME thing as an independent clause.

Dependent clausesor phrases are referred to as fragments because they are missingone or even more components required to make a sentence.

Therefore, they are only piecesor fragments of complete sentences.

Look at these examples:


Avoiding Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

Sometimes two independent clasupplies (simple sentences) have the right to be joined to form an additional type ofsentence: the compound sentence.

Two major errorsdeserve to occur as soon as building compound sentences.

Error #1: The CommaSplice

Writers make this erroronce they attempt to sepaprice the two independent clauses in a compound sentencevia a comma alone.

A comma is not a strongsufficient punctuation note to separate the 2 independent clauses by itself; for this reason,using it reasons the clauses to be spliced together.

Example of a commasplice:


This sentence can berepaired in three ways:

1. by adding an appropriate coordinating conjunction

2. by altering the comma to a semicolon

3. by altering the punctuation and adding an proper conjunctiveadverb

Error #2: The FusedSentence

Writers make this errorby joining two independent claprovides into a compound sentence without usingany type of punctuation in between them.

No punctuation betweenthe 2 independent claprovides causes them to "fuse" right into an INCORRECTcompound sentence.

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Example of a fusedsentence:


This sentence is alsorepaired in three ways: adding a comma and also an proper coordinating conjunction

2. by placing a semicolon between the 2 clauses

3. by including the necessary punctuation and also an proper conjunctiveadverb

Anvarious other means to repair acomma splice or fused sentence is to make each independent clauseinto a simple sentence.